AUGUST 16-18, 2015

Regulation is back in vogue. From network neutrality to big data and the internet of things, an increasingly prevalent tendency is to look to Congress or regulatory agencies for solutions to real or perceived problems. Today, policymakers favor pre-emptive interventions, consistent with the “precautionary principle” of regulation, which holds that it is better to prevent problems before they happen but eschew cost-benefit analysis when creating rules. What accounts for the newfound infatuation with the regulatory state? Are we ignoring lessons from academic research regarding regulation? How will today’s policies affect innovation in technology-creating and technology-using industries? Discussion panels and speakers at the 2015 TPI Aspen Forum focused on this new-found confidence in the regulatory state and its possible consequences.


  • 6:00 pm Opening Reception Welcoming Remarks Honorable Michael DanielSpecial Assistant to the President and Cybersecurity Coordinator Alan RaulPartner and Global Coordinator, Privacy, Data Security and Information Law Practice, Sidley Austin LLP


  • 8:30 am Keynote Address
    Tim BresnahanLandau Professor of Technology and the Economy, Department of Economics and, by courtesy, Professor of Economics for the Graduate School of Business, Stanford University
  • 9:00 am Panel: Fall and Rise of the Regulatory State
    Robert CrandallAdjunct Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute and Nonresident Senior Fellow, Economic Studies, Brookings Institution
    William KovacicGlobal Competition Professor of Law and Policy; Professor of Law; Director, Competition Law Center, George Washington University Law School
    Roger NollProfessor of Economics, Emeritus, Stanford University and Co-Director, Program on Regulatory Policy and Senior Fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research
    Nancy RoseDeputy Assistant Attorney General for Economic Analysis, Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice
    Honorable Howard ShelanskiAdministrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, The White House
    Thomas Lenard (moderator), President and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 10:10 am Panel: Congress and the FCC After Title II
    Rebecca ArbogastSenior Vice President for Global Public Policy, Comcast Corporation
    Jonathan BakerProfessor of Law, American University’s Washington College of Law
    Honorable Michael O’RiellyCommissioner, Federal Communications Commission
    Robert QuinnSenior Vice-President, Federal Regulatory and Chief Privacy Officer, AT&T
    David RedlChief Counsel, Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, U.S. House Committee on Energy & Commerce
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 11:10 am Panel: Whose Rules? Internet Regulations in a Global Economy
    Honorable Julie BrillCommissioner, Federal Trade Commission
    Peter DavidsonSenior Vice President For Federal Government Relations, Verizon
    Andrea GloriosoCounselor, Digital Economy / Cyber, Delegation of the European Union to the USA
    Adam KovacevichDirector of Public Policy, Google
    Kevin MartinVice President for Mobile and Global Access Policy, Facebook
    Ambassador David Gross (moderator), Partner and Chair, International Telecommunications Group, Wiley Rein LLP
  • 12:30 pm Luncheon Keynote Discussion
    Honorable Michelle K. LeeUnder Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office
    Honorable Daniel MartiIntellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator, The White House
    John Duffy (moderator), Samuel H. McCoy II Professor of Law, University of Virginia School of Law
  • 2:00-3:30 pm Concurrent Breakout Sessions
    Music Licensing: Moving to the Digital Era
    Steve BenèGeneral Counsel, Pandora
    Michael Huppe‎President and Chief Executive Officer, SoundExchange
    Casey RaeChief Executive Officer, Future of Music Coalition
    Lawrence WhiteRobert Kavesh Professor of Economics and Deputy Chair, Economics, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University
    Stephen Worth‎Senior Corporate Counsel, Digital Music, Amazon
    Michael Smith (moderator), Senior Adjunct Fellow, Technology Policy Institute and Professor of Information Systems and Marketing, Carnegie Mellon University

    Intellectual Property, Standard Setting Organizations and Competition Policy
    John DuffySamuel H. McCoy II Professor of Law, University of Virginia School of Law
    Honorable F. Scott KieffCommissioner, U.S. International Trade Commission
    William KovacicGlobal Competition Professor of Law and Policy; Professor of Law; Director, Competition Law Center, George Washington University Law School
    Nancy RoseDeputy Assistant Attorney General for Economic Analysis, Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice
    Laurie SelfVice President and Counsel, Government Affairs, Qualcomm Inc.
    Carl ShapiroTransamerica Professor of Business Strategy, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley; former Member, Council of Economic Advisers
    Thomas Lenard (moderator), President and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute

    Emerging Issues in Unlicensed Spectrum
    David DonVice President for Regulatory Policy, Comcast Corporation
    David GoldmanChief Counsel, Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce
    Kathleen HamVice President, Federal Regulatory Affairs, T-Mobile USA
    Staci PiesSenior Public Policy and Government Relations Counsel, Google
    Peter PitschAssociate General Counsel and Executive Director, Communications Policy, Intel Corporation
    Gregory RosstonDeputy Director, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Co-Director, Public Policy Program, Stanford University
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 6:00 pm Dinner and Keynote Keynote
    Kelly MerrymanVice President, Content Partnerships for YouTube, Google


  • 8:30 am Panel: Discussion with FCC Commissioners
    Honorable Mignon ClyburnCommissioner, Federal Communications Commission
    Honorable Michael O’RiellyCommissioner, Federal Communications Commission
    Brian FungTechnology Reporter, The Washington Post
  • 9:15 am Panel: Universal Service: Towards Broadband, Efficiency and Equity
    James AsseyExecutive Vice President, National Cable & Telecommunications Association
    Honorable Mignon ClyburnCommissioner, Federal Communications Commission
    Blair LevinExecutive Director, Gig.U and Non-Resident Senior Fellow, Metropolitan Policy Program, The Brookings Institution
    Gregory RosstonDeputy Director, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Co-Director, Public Policy Program, Stanford University
    Bradley WimmerProfessor of Economics, Lee Business School, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 10:30 am Panel: Big Data, Privacy and the Internet of Things
    Shawn DuBravacChief Economist and Senior Director of Research, Consumer Electronics Association
    Alexander MacgillivrayDeputy Chief Technology Officer, Office of Science and Technology Policy, The White House
    Honorable Terrell McSweenyCommissioner, Federal Trade Commission
    Paul NagleChief Counsel, Subcommittee on Manufacturing and Trade, U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce
    Hal VarianChief Economist, Google
    Thomas Lenard (moderator), President and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 11:30 am Panel: Creative Destruction in the Creative Industries: How Technology is Changing Content Business Models
    Michael HerringChief Financial Officer, Pandora
    Laura MartinSenior Analyst, Entertainment, Cable and Media, Needham & Company LLC
    Jean PrewittPresident and Chief Executive Officer, Independent Film & Television Alliance
    Mark SilversteinCorporate Development & Legal Counsel, Head of Product, Tech & Policy, Spotify
    Michael SmithSenior Adjunct Fellow, Technology Policy Institute and Professor of Information Systems and Marketing, Carnegie Mellon University
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 12:45 pm Closing Luncheon

Rebecca Arbogast is Senior Vice President for Global Public Policy for Comcast Corporation. In this role, she is responsible for the development and coordination of the company’s public policy efforts across the corporation. Prior to joining Comcast, Arbogast served as Managing Director at Stifel Financial. She joined Stifel from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), where she was Chief of the International Bureau Telecommunications Division and led an office of attorneys, economists and engineers shaping the agency’s policies for international communications services. Prior to joining the FCC, Arbogast served in the Office of Legal Counsel of the U.S. Department of Justice, and she began her legal career as a corporate attorney with Wilmer Cutler practicing international and communications law. She has taught constitutional law at Johns Hopkins School of Public Policy and global communications at American University. Arbogast clerked for Judge Fletcher on the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals and was a Fulbright Fellow in European Community Law. She holds a law degree from Yale Law School and a master’s degree from the University of Iowa.

James M. Assey is Executive Vice President of the National Cable and Telecommunications Association. As NCTA’s second most senior executive, Assey is involved in all aspects of NCTA’s work on behalf of the cable industry. Prior to his position at NCTA, he was a long time staff member on the U.S Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation chaired by U.S Senator Daniel K. Inouye. Most recently, he was Senior Democratic Counsel to the committee, and earlier was Senior Democratic Counsel on Communications and Media Issues. Assey also served as Telecommunications Counsel for U.S Senator Ernest F. Hollings. He was also an adjunct faculty member at Georgetown University Law School. Assey has held positions of Communications Associate in the Washington, DC office of Willkie, Farr and Gallagher, Law Clerk for the Honorable Cameron M. Currie in the U.S District Court for the District of South Carolina, and Legislative Assistant to Senator Hollings. He is a graduate of Stanford University and earned his JD from Georgetown University Law School.

Jonathan B. Baker is Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law, where he teaches E>courses primarily in the areas of antitrust and economic regulation. He served as the Chief Economist of the Federal Communications Commission from 2009 to 2011, and as the Director of the Bureau of Economics at the Federal Trade Commission from 1995 to 1998. Previously, he worked as a Senior Economist at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, Special Assistant to the Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics in the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice, an Assistant Professor at Dartmouth’s Amos Tuck School of Business Administration, an Attorney Advisor to the Acting Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission, and an antitrust lawyer in private practice. Baker is the co-author of an antitrust casebook, a past Editorial Chair of Antitrust Law Journal, and a past member of the Council of the American Bar Association’s Section of Antitrust Law. He has a J.D. from Harvard and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University.

Steve Bené is General Counsel at Pandora, where he oversees all aspects of the company’s legal strategy, operations and compliance, including those related to corporate governance, securities, commercial transactions, privacy, litigation and intellectual property. Prior to joining Pandora, Bené served as General Counsel at Electronic Arts (EA), where he ran a global department responsible for a full range of legal matters ranging from corporate governance, M&A and commercial transactions to groundbreaking industry negotiations with music and movie studios. Previously, he was an associate at Fenwick & West and a management consultant at Bain & Company. Steve got his J.D. from Stanford Law School, and a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Rice University.

Timothy Bresnahan is the Landau Professor of Technology and the Economy and a Professor of Economics for the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University. He is the former Chief Economist of the Antitrust Division of the U. S. Department of Justice. His research focuses on industrial organization, applied econometrics, and the economics of technology. Currently, he is researching entry and appropriability in technology industries, competition between old and new-paradigm computing, and economic organization for high social return to technical progress. Bresnahan received his B.A. in Economics and German from Haverford College and a M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from Princeton University.

The Honorable Julie Brill is a Commissioner at the Federal Trade Commission. Since joining the Commission, Brill has worked actively on issues most affecting today’s consumers, including protecting consumers’ privacy, encouraging appropriate advertising substantiation, guarding consumers from financial fraud, and maintaining competition in industries involving high tech and health care. Before she became a Commissioner, Brill was the Senior Deputy Attorney General and Chief of Consumer Protection and Antitrust for the North Carolina Department of Justice. She has also been a Lecturer-in-Law at Columbia University’s School of Law. Previously, Brill was an Assistant Attorney General for Consumer Protection and Antitrust for the State of Vermont for over 20 years. She has also served as a Vice-Chair of the Consumer Protection Committee of the Antitrust Section of the American Bar Association. Brill graduated, magna cum laude, from Princeton University, and from New York University School of Law, where she had a Root-Tilden Scholarship for her commitment to public service.

Robert W. Crandall is an Adjunct Senior Fellow at the Technology Policy Institute and Nonresident Senior Fellow, Economic Studies Program, at the Brookings Institution. His current research focuses on antitrust and regulatory issues in the telecommunications sector. He is the author or coauthor of numerous articles and books on communications policy, including Competition and Chaos: U.S. Telecommunications since 1996; Broadband: Should We Regulate High-Speed Internet Access? (with James H. Alleman); Who Pays for Universal Service? When Telephone Subsidies Become Transparent (with Leonard Waverman); and Talk is Cheap: The Promise of Regulatory Reform in North American Telecommunications (with Leonard Waverman). He was Acting Director, Deputy Director and Assistant Director of the Council on Wage and Price Stability. Crandall has also served as a consultant to the Antitrust Division, the Federal Trade Commission and the Treasury Department. He has taught economics at Northwestern University, MIT, the University of Maryland, George Washington University, and the Stanford in Washington program. Crandall holds an M.S. and a Ph.D. from Northwestern University.

The Honorable Mignon Clyburn is a Commissioner at the Federal Communications Commission. Prior to her swearing in as Commissioner, Clyburn served as the representative of South Carolina’s sixth district on the Public Service Commission of South Carolina, including several years as chair. During her tenure at the PSC, Clyburn served as the chair of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners’ Washington Action Committee and as a member of both the association’s Audit Committee and Utilities Market Access Partnership Board. She is also a former chair of the Southeastern Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners. Clyburn also spent 14 years as the publisher and general manager of The Coastal Times. She has been actively involved in myriad community organizations, including the South Carolina State Energy Advisory Council. Clyburn is a graduate of the University of South Carolina, where she earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Banking, Finance & Economics.

The Honorable Michael Daniel is a Special Assistant to the President and the Cybersecurity Coordinator. In this position, Daniel leads the interagency development of national cybersecurity strategy and policy, and he oversees agencies’ implementation of those policies. He also ensures that the federal government is effectively partnering with the private sector, non-governmental organizations, other branches and levels of government, and other nations. Prior to coming to the National Security Staff, Daniel served for 17 years with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). He played a key role in shaping intelligence budgets, improving the management of the IC, and resolving major IC policy issues including cybersecurity, counterterrorism spending, and information sharing and safeguarding. Daniel received a Bachelor’s in Public Policy from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University, and a Master’s in Public Policy from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard.

Shawn DuBravac is Chief Economist of the Consumer Electronics Association. Prior to joining CEA, he was head research analyst in the Economic Analysis Group of the Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division. DuBravac was the primary driver of the industry’s new smartphone index, developed in partnership with NASDAQ, and the CE consumer confidence index, in partnership with CNET. DuBravac has been widely published on the topics of finance, economics and technology and is the author of CEA’s third book Digital Destiny: How the New Age of Data Will Transform the Way We Work, Live, and Communicate (Regnery, 2015). In 2012, he was named to Dealerscope’s “40 under 40” list of people to watch in the consumer technology industry. DuBravac has taught as an adjunct professor for George Washington University’s MBA program and has taught at Mary Washington University and for George Mason University’s MBA program. He holds economic degrees from Brigham Young University and George Mason University.

John Duffy is the Samuel H. McCoy II Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law. He previously served on the faculty at George Washington University Law School, most recently as Oswald Symister Colclough Research Professor of Law. Duffy teaches torts, administrative law, patent law and international intellectual property law. In the field of intellectual property, Duffy has been identified as one of the 25 most-influential people in the nation by The American Lawyer and one of the 50 most influential people in the world by the U.K. publication Managing Intellectual Property. Duffy clerked for Judge Stephen Williams on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit and for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, served as an attorney adviser in the Department of Justice’s Office of Legal Counsel, and practiced law with the Washington, D.C., firm Covington & Burling. Since entering academia in 1996, Duffy has been on the faculty of the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and the William and Mary School of Law, and has also served as a visiting professor at the University of Chicago. He has published articles in the University of Chicago Law Review, Columbia Law Review, Texas Law Review and Supreme Court Review, and he is the co-author of a casebook on patent law. He received his AB from Harvard University and JD from University of Chicago Law School.

David Don is Vice President for Regulatory Policy for Comcast Corporation, where he is responsible for developing and implementing the company’s strategies before federal agencies, including the Federal Communications Commission. Don has worked extensively on the FCC’s public policy and spectrum allocation policies for almost 20 years, and he often represents Comcast in public fora examining the most relevant public policy issues of the day. He joined Comcast from the law firm of Willkie Farr & Gallagher where he practiced communications law. During that time, he represented clients from nearly every segment of the communications industry, including wireless and telecom companies and Internet service providers. Don is an active member of the Federal Communications Bar Association, where he most recently served on the board of the FCBA Foundation.He received a B.S. from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and a J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center with honors.

Brian Fung reports on technology and tech policy at The Washington Post. Before joining the Post, Fung led the tech coverage at National Journal. He was also previously an associate editor at The Atlantic, where he oversaw the international and health sections of the website. Fung also helped launch Atlantic Media’s business publication, Quartz. He has written previously for Foreign Policy Magazine, Talking Points Memo and The American Prospect. He holds a BA in Political Science from Middlebury College and an MSc in International Relations from the London School of Economics.

Andrea Glorioso is the Counsellor for the Digital Economy at the Delegation of the European Union to the USA, in Washington DC. In this role, he acts as the liaison between the EU and US on policy, regulation and research activities related to the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies. Glorioso worked for eight years at the European Commission on cyber-security, personal data protection, cloud computing and Internet governance. He was part of the teams that produced a number of key strategies of the European Commission, including the Strategic plan for Internet Governance, the Action Plan on the Internet of Things and the Cloud Computing Strategy. Before joining the European Commission, he worked at the NEXA Research Center for Internet and Society of the Politechnic University of Turin, at the Media Innovation Unit of the Chamber of Commerce of Florence, at the Centro Tempo Reale Research Centre for Contemporary Music and in the private sector as a software developer and IT project manager for a number of multinational firms. Glorioso has a MSc (summa cum laude) in Political Sciences / Sociology from the University of Padua, an LLM (summa cum laude) in Intellectual Property Law from the University of Turin / WIPO Worldwide Academy and post-graduate degrees in IT law (Centro Study Informatica Giuridica), international diplomatic law (Diplo Foundation/University of Malta) and global Internet governance (Diplo Foundation).

Ambassador David A. Gross is a Partner in Wiley Rein’s Telecom, Media & Technology Practice. He advises companies and others on international and domestic telecoms, Internet, and high-tech strategy focusing on both specific markets and international organizations such as the International Telecommunication Union, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperative, and many regional organizations. Gross is the former U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy at the U.S. Department of State. He has addressed the United Nations General Assembly and led more U.S. delegations to major international telecommunication conferences than anyone in modern history. During his tenure at the State Department, Ambassador Gross had overall responsibility for the formulation and advocacy of international communications policy for the United States. Prior to this position, he served as Washington counsel to AirTouch Communications (now Vodafone) and was in private law practice. Ambassador Gross received his J.D. from Columbia Law School and his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania.

Kathleen O’Brien Ham is Vice President, Federal Regulatory Affairs for T-Mobile USA, Inc. FierceWireless has named her one of the most influential women in wireless. Prior to joining T-Mobile, she worked for fourteen years at the FCC in a number of top policy positions, including Deputy Chief of the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau. She was also the first Chief of the FCC’s Spectrum Auctions Program where she was responsible for the first PCS spectrum auctions. She also served on the FCC’s Spectrum Management Task Force and was involved in the Intergovernmental Advisory Committee that negotiated the reallocation of third generation (3G) wireless spectrum from government to commercial use. A graduate of Catholic University Law School, she received her undergraduate degree from the University of Colorado with a Bachelor of Science in Journalism.

Michael Herring is Chief Financial Officer at Pandora. Previously, he served as Vice President of Operations at Adobe Systems Incorporated. Prior to Adobe, Herring served as an Executive Vice President of Omniture Inc. from 2004 and served as its Chief Financial Officer until 2009. He has a wealth of knowledge about financial planning, rapid growth, and executive management of both private and public companies. Prior to Omniture, Herring served as the Chief Financial Officer of MyFamily.com (now Ancestry.com), having joined the company through the acquisition of Third Age Media. At Third Age Media, he served as Vice President of Finance. Prior he served as Controller of Anergen Inc. Herring is a certified public accountant and holds a BA degree in Economics and Political Science from the University of California at Los Angeles.

Michael Huppe is President and CEO of SoundExchange. Huppe takes a passionate approach in directing the organization’s mission of supporting and protecting the long-term value of music world-wide. His optimism helped to place SoundExchange among Forbes Magazine’s “Top Names You Need to Know for 2011.” Huppe is an executive committee member of the musicFIRST coalition. He also serves on the board of directors of Leadership Music in Nashville, and The Societies’ Council for the Collective Management of Performers’ Rights (an international organization of performer societies). He is an active member of The Recording Academy, The Copyright Society, The American Bar Association, The American Intellectual Property Law Association and The Fourth Circuit Judicial Conference. He is currently an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University Law Center where he teaches a seminar on music law, the history of the music industry and advanced copyright law. Huppe received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Virginia (Honors Government and Foreign Affairs Program; Phi Beta Kappa scholar), and his J.D. from Harvard Law School.

F. Scott Kieff is a Commissioner of the U.S. International Trade Commission. Before being sworn in as Commissioner, Kieff was the Fred C. Stevenson Research Professor at the George Washington University Law School and the Ray & Louise Knowles Senior Fellow at the Stanford University Hoover Institution. He also served as Director and a Member of the Research Team of the Hoover Project on Commercializing Innovation; as a Member of the Steering Committee and Research Team of the Hoover Working Group on Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Prosperity, or IP2; and as a Member of the John and Jean De Nault Task Force on Property Rights, Freedom, and Prosperity. He came to George Washington University from Washington University in Saint Louis, where he was a Professor in the School of Law with a secondary appointment in the School of Medicine’s Department of Neurological Surgery. Kieff previously served as a faculty member of the Munich Intellectual Property Law Center at Germany’s Max Planck Institute; a visiting professor in the law schools at Northwestern, Chicago, and Stanford; and a faculty fellow in the Olin Program on Law and Economics at Harvard. Before entering academia, Kieff practiced law as a trial lawyer and patent lawyer and as Law Clerk to U.S. Circuit Judge Giles S. Rich. Before attending law school at the University of Pennsylvania, he studied molecular biology and microeconomics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and conducted research in molecular genetics at the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research.

Adam Kovacevich is Director for Public Policy and Government Affairs at Google. Adam manages Google’s U.S. public policy issues team, leading the company’s strategy on privacy, security, copyright, patent reform, child safety and other issues. He previously led the company’s public affairs and public policy strategy on antitrust and competition issues, including development of key messaging; outreach to regulatory agencies, academics and consumer groups; and the company’s strategy surrounding the Federal Trade Commission’s antitrust investigation. Before that he led Google’s public policy communications team in Washington, D.C. and California, managing public affairs strategies for the company related to telecommunications and wireless policy, intellectual property, privacy, economic growth and innovation, and political advertising issues. Adam launched Google’s Public Policy Blog, and created the company’s “Google D.C. Talks” thought leadership seminar series. Before joining Google in January 2007, Adam served as an Assistant Vice President at Dittus Communications and Communications Director at the Information Technology Industry Council, handling technology policy communications in both positions. An expert in using new media communications strategies, Adam created “Potomac Flacks,” a well-read blog about the Washington, D.C. public relations world. Adam served as a press secretary in both the House and Senate as well as a communications strategist on major presidential, Senate and House campaigns. He was spokesman for former Rep. Cal Dooley (D-CA), a founder of the moderate New Democrat Coalition; for Sen. Joe Lieberman (D-CT), in the Senate and on his 2004 presidential campaign; and for 2004 South Carolina Senate candidate Inez Tenenbaum. Adam is a 1999 graduate of Harvard University.

William Kovacic is Global Competition Professor of Law and Policy, Professor of Law, and Director of the Competition Law Center at George Washington University Law School. Before joining the Law School in 1999, Kovacic was the George Mason University Foundation Professor at the George Mason University School of Law. From 2006 to 2011, he was a member of the Federal Trade Commission, serving as Chairman from 2008 to 2009. He was the FTC’s General Counsel from June 2001 to December 2004. In 2011 he received the FTC’s Miles W. Kirkpatrick Award for Lifetime Achievement. Kovacic is a Non-Executive Director with the United Kingdom’s Competition and Markets Authority. He was also Vice-Chair for Outreach for the International Competition Network. He has advised many countries and international organizations on antitrust, consumer protection, government contracts, and the design of regulatory institutions. Kovacic received his B.A. from Princeton University and J.D. from Columbia University.

Robert Kyncl is Head of Content & Business Operations for YouTube at Google, where he oversees all business functions related to YouTube including content, sales, marketing, platforms, access, and strategy. Kyncl was previously Vice President of Content at Netflix, where he spearheaded the company’s content acquisition for streaming TV shows and movies over the Internet. Frequently a keynote speaker at major media events worldwide, Kyncl is also much sought after to address senior leadership at NBCU, Warner Music Group, L’Oreal, UBS, The Producer’s Guild, Bertelsmann, the BBC, and Starcom Mediavest, and Vivendi, among others. Kyncl has been listed in Variety’s 2012 Dealmakers Impact Report as one of their “disruptors”, Vanity Fair’s 2012 & 2013 New Establishment List, Billboard’s Power 100 List in 2012, 2013, 2014 & 2015, Billboard’s 2014 International Power Players List and AdWeek’s 2013 “Top 50 Execs Who Make the Wheels Turn.” He has also served as a member of the Paley Center’s Media Council. Kyncl holds a Masters of Business Administration from Pepperdine University and a B.S. in International Relations from SUNY New Paltz.

The Honorable Michelle K. Lee is Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Lee provides leadership and oversight to one of the largest intellectual property offices in the world and serves as a principal advisor to the President, through the Secretary of Commerce, on both domestic and international intellectual property matters. Previously, Lee served as the first Director of the Silicon Valley United States Patent and Trademark Office. She also served by appointment of the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on the USPTO’s Patent Public Advisory Committee. Prior to joining the USPTO, Lee served as Deputy General Counsel for Google and was the company’s first Head of Patents and Patent Strategy. She was also a partner at the Silicon Valley-based law firm of Fenwick and West. Lee served as a law clerk for the Honorable Vaughn R. Walker and the Honorable Paul R. Michel. Before building her legal career, Lee worked as a computer scientist at Hewlett-Packard Research Laboratories, as well as at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.) Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. She holds a B.S. and an M.S. in electrical engineering and computer science from M.I.T., as well as a J.D. from Stanford Law School.

Blair Levin is a Nonresident Senior Fellow with the Metropolitan Policy Program at The Brookings Institution. He also serves as the executive director of Gig.U: The Next Generation Network Innovation Project, an initiative of three dozen leading research university communities seeking to support educational and economic development by accelerating the deployment of next generation networks. Previously, he worked with the Aspen Institute Communications and Society Program, following his departure in 2010 from the Federal Communications Commission where he oversaw the development of a National Broadband Plan. Levin rejoined the Commission in 2009, after eight years as an analyst at Legg Mason and Stifel Nicolaus. Levin served as chief of staff to FCC Chairman Reed Hundt and oversaw, among other matters, the implementation of the 1996 Telecommunications Reform Act, the first spectrum auctions, the development of digital television standards and the commission’s Internet initiative. Prior to his position with the FCC, Levin was a partner in the North Carolina law firm of Parker, Poe, Adams and Bernstein. He is a graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School.

Alexander Macgillivray is US Deputy Chief Technology Officer in the Office of Science and Technology Policy. Prior to joining the federal government, Macgillivray had a variety of roles at Twitter, including General Counsel, head of Public Policy, Corporate Development, Communications, and Trust & Safety. Prior to Twitter, Macgillivray was Deputy General Counsel for Products and IP at Google and a litigator with Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati. He received his J.D. from Harvard Law School and is an affiliate at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society.

The Honorable Daniel Marti is the U.S. Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator within the Executive Office of the President. The Office of the U.S. Intellectual Property Coordinator is charged with developing the Administration’s intellectual property enforcement strategy and is the primary office responsible for coordinating the efforts of the U.S. Government criminal, national security, and economic agencies engaged in intellectual property policy and enforcement. Prior to joining the Administration, Marti was a Partner at Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP, where he specialized in the protection, management and enforcement of intellectual property in the United States and abroad. Within Kilpatrick Townsend, Marti held multiple leadership roles, including serving as the Managing Partner of the firm’s Washington, D.C. office and Co-Chair of the firm’s Intellectual Asset Acquisitions & Transactions Group. He has served on several professional associations and charitable boards, including the International Trademark Association and the American Cancer Society’s National Capital Region Corporate Council. Marti received a B.A. from Georgetown University and a J.D. from Emory University School of Law.

Laura Martin is Senior Analyst for Entertainment, Cable and Media at Needham & Company LLC, where she publishes research on the largest Internet, entertainment and cable companies. Prior to joining Needham, she founded Media Metrics, LLC, publishing equity research on the largest entertainment, cable and Internet stocks in the U.S., where she was nationally ranked as “Best of the Independent Research Boutiques” by Institutional Investor. She also joined Capital Knowledge, LLC to provide expert witness testimony and valuation consulting. Before founding Media Metrics, LLC, Martin was Executive Vice President of Financial Strategy and Investor Relations for Vivendi Universal in Paris. Martin was also a Senior Media Analyst at Credit Suisse First Boston and a Media Analyst at Capital Research & Management. She began her career at Drexel Burnham Lambert in media investment banking. Martin received her BA from Stanford and her MBA from Harvard Business School. She also holds a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation.

The Honorable Terrell McSweeny was sworn in as a Commissioner of the Federal Trade Commission on April 28, 2014, to a term that expires on September 25, 2017. Prior to joining the Commission, McSweeny served as Chief Counsel for Competition Policy and Intergovernmental Relations for the U.S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division. She joined the Antitrust Division after serving as Deputy Assistant to the President and Domestic Policy Advisor to the Vice President from January 2009 until February 2012, advising President Obama and Vice President Biden on policy in a variety of areas, including health care, innovation, intellectual property, energy, education, women’s rights, criminal justice and domestic violence. McSweeny’s government service also includes her work as Senator Joe Biden’s Deputy Chief of Staff and Policy Director in the U.S. Senate, where she managed domestic and economic policy development and legislative initiatives, and as Counsel on the Senate Judiciary Committee, where she worked on issues such as criminal justice, innovation, women’s rights, domestic violence, judicial nominations and immigration and civil rights. She also worked as an attorney at O’Melveny & Myers LLP. McSweeny is a graduate of Harvard University and Georgetown University Law School.

Paul Nagle is the Chief Counsel for the Commerce, Manufacturing and Trade Subcommittee (CMT). As chief, Nagle directs a team of five staff as they oversee the subcommittee’s wide ranging jurisdiction. Of particular focus right now is the subcommittee’s focus on privacy, data breach, trade, FTC enforcement and auto safety. Prior to joining CMT, Nagle led a telecommunications and technology practice at Van Scoyoc and Associates. Nagle previously worked on the Hill as the Republican Chief Counsel for the Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation. He Nagle was responsible for overseeing all of the legislative activities of the Committee including major legislation in the areas of communications law, Internet governance, technology, and privacy. Nagle spent over two years at the Federal Communications Commission working on broadband and homeland security issues in the legislative Affairs office under Chairman Powell. Prior to the FCC, Nagle was an associate at the Washington, D.C. law firm of Wilkinson Barker Knauer, LLP.

Roger G. Noll is Professor of Economics Emeritus at Stanford University and a Senior Fellow at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, where he directs the Program in Regulatory Policy. Noll also is a Senior Fellow and member of the Advisory Board at the American Antitrust Institute, and a member of the Advisory Board of the AEI-Brookings Joint Center on Regulation. Noll’s primary research interests include technology policy; antitrust, regulation and privatization policies in both advanced and developing economies; the economic approach to public law; and the economics of sports and entertainment. Prior to coming to Stanford, Noll was a Senior Economist at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, and Institute Professor of Social Science and Chair of the Division of Humanities and Social Sciences at the California Institute of Technology. Noll has been a member of the advisory boards of the U.S. Department of Energy, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and National Science Foundation. He also has been a member of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and the Board on Science, Technology and Economic Policy of the National Research Council, and of the California Council on Science and Technology. Noll received a B.S. with honors in mathematics from the California Institute of Technology and a Ph. D. in economics from Harvard University.

The Honorable Michael O’Rielly is a Commissioner at the Federal Communications Commission, a position which he was confirmed unanimously by the United States Senate in October 2013. On January 29, 2015, he was sworn into office for a new term, following his re-nomination by the President and confirmation by the United States Senate. Prior to joining the agency O’Rielly served as a Policy Advisor in the Office of the Senate Republican Whip, led by U.S. Senator John Cornyn. He also worked in the Republican Whip’s Office as an Advisor and Deputy Chief of Staff and Policy Director U.S. Senator Jon Kyl. He previously worked for the Republican Policy Committee in the U.S. Senate as a Policy Analyst for Banking, Technology, Transportation, Trade, and Commerce issues. Prior to this, O’Rielly worked in the Office of U.S. Senator John Sununu as Legislative Director and Senior Legislative Assistant. Before his tenure as a Senate staffer, he served as a Professional Staff Member and Telecommunications Policy Analyst on the Committee on Energy and Commerce in the United States House of Representatives. He began his career as a Legislative Assistant to U.S. Congressman Tom Bliley. O’Rielly received his B.A. from the University of Rochester.

Staci Pies is Senior Public Policy and Government Relations Counsel at Google, where she works to drive policies that support innovation. Pies represents Google before policymakers on issues such as Internet policy, broadband deployment, telecommunications regulation and access to spectrum. Previously, she was Director of Government and Regulatory Affairs at Microsoft, which she joined after three years at Skype, when Microsoft purchased the company at the end of 2011. Pies is the current Chair of the Board of the VON Coalition and past-President. Before joining Skype Pies was VP of Governmental and Regulatory Affairs for PointOne, a wholesale VoIP provider, and Director of Federal Regulatory Affairs for Level 3 Communications. She also held a number of positions at the FCC including Deputy Division Chief, Network Services and senior attorney in the FCC’s former Common Carrier Bureau, where she served in leadership roles on proceedings promoting the deployment of broadband and other information services. Pies graduated from the Washington College of Law at the American University, in Washington, D.C. and received a B.A. from Pepperdine University.

Peter Pitsch is Associate General Counsel and Executive Director of Communications Policy for Intel Corporation. He manages Intel’s global spectrum and telecom policy team. Prior to joining Intel, Pitsch was the president of Pitsch Communications, which represented telecommunication’s clients before the FCC and Congress, provided business and regulatory planning, and published and lectured on U.S. regulatory policy. He was the Chief of Staff to the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission from 1987 to 1989. Before his move to Chief of Staff. Pitsch was Chief of Office of Plans and Policy. Pitsch was a staff member of the Reagan Administration Transition Team which developed recommendations for reforming the Federal Trade Commission with special focus on antitrust issues. He also served as a senior attorney at Montgomery Ward, Inc. and as an attorney-advisor to Commissioner Calvin Collier at the Federal Trade Commission. He is a member of the District of Columbia Bar, the Virginia State Bar, and the Federal Communications Bar Association. Pitsch received a B.A. in Economics from the University of Chicago and his J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center.

Jean Prewitt is President and Chief Executive Officer of the Independent Film & Television Alliance, becoming IFTA’s President in April 2000 and Chief Executive Officer in December 2001. She joined IFTA after nearly a decade as a senior U.S. government official and as a lobbyist in Washington D.C. representing film and entertainment interests and the high-technology community. Prior to that time, Prewitt was Senior Vice President and General Counsel of United International Pictures (the international distribution entity formed by then-Universal, Paramount and MGM-UA studios) and managed legal and government affairs on a worldwide basis. Prior to that time, she practiced law with the firm Donovan Leisure Newton & Irvine. Prewitt graduated from Harvard University and Georgetown University Law Center.

Robert Quinn is Senior Vice President-Federal Regulatory and Chief Privacy Officer for AT&T. Quinn leads AT&T’s Federal Regulatory group which is responsible for all regulatory matters affecting AT&T and its affiliates before the Federal Communications Commission. He is also responsible for customer privacy policies at the international, federal and state level across all lines of businesses. Prior to being appointed to his current position, Quinn served as Vice President, Federal Regulatory Affairs for AT&T Corp. in Washington, DC where he represented AT&T before the Federal Communications Commission and the United States Department of Justice. Prior to joining AT&T, Quinn spent five years as a trial attorney with the Chicago, Illinois firm of Mayer, Brown & Platt (now Mayer Brown). Quinn graduated from the University of Illinois-Chicago with a bachelor’s degree in English. He also received his J.D. with Honor from DePaul University in Chicago, Illinois where he served as Managing Editor of Lead Articles for the DePaul Law Review.

David Redl is Chief Counsel for Communications and Technology on the majority staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce. In his role with the Committee, Redl advises Chairman Fred Upton and Subcommittee Chairman Greg Walden on communications and technology matters. Prior to joining the Energy and Commerce Committee staff, Redl served as Director of Regulatory Affairs at CTIA – The Wireless Association®, an international trade association of the wireless communications industry where his work focused on policy issues involving wireless technology, spectrum, broadband, and regulatory mandates. He is a member of the New York and District of Columbia Bars. Redl received his B.A. in Journalism and his B.A. in Political Science from the Pennsylvania State University and his J.D. from the Catholic University of America with a certificate from the Institute for Communications Law Studies.

Casey Rae is the Chief Executive Officer of the Future of Music Coalition. He is also a musician, recording engineer, educator and author. Rae regularly speaks on issues such as emerging business models, creators’ rights, technology policy and intellectual property at major conferences, universities and in the media. He has testified before Congress on artist rights and is committed to building bridges across sectors in order to identify possible solutions to common challenges. Rae has written dozens of articles on the impact of technology on the creative community in scholarly journals and other publications, and is a regular commentator on the impact of technology on creators. Rae is an adjunct professor at Georgetown University, an instructor at Berklee Online and the President of the Board of the National Alliance for Media Arts and Culture. He is the principal of Heru.us, a media, technology and policy consultancy. In his “spare time,” he runs the DC-based label Lux Eterna Records and publishes The Contrarian Media.

Nancy L. Rose is the Antitrust Division’s Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economic Analysis at the United States Department of Justice. Rose supervises the Division’s economic work and provides advice to Assistant Attorney General Bill Baer on a wide range of merger and nonmerger investigations and policy initiatives. Rose is on a leave of absence from MIT’s Department of Economics, where she is the Charles P. Kindleberger Professor of Applied Economics. When accepting her current post, she stepped down as director of the National Bureau of Economic Research program in Industrial Organization, a position she had held since the program began in 1991. She is a past Vice President of the American Economic Association, and previously served as an independent director at Charles River Associates, Sentinel Investments and the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research. She was also a staff economist at a Washington, D.C.-based law firm. Rose received her Ph.D. in economics from MIT and an A.B. in economics and government from Harvard University.

Gregory L. Rosston is Deputy Director and Senior Fellow at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Director of the Public Policy program at Stanford University. He is also a Professor of Economics by courtesy and teaches courses on competition policy and strategy, intellectual property, personal finance, and writing and rhetoric. Rosston served as Deputy Chief Economist at the Federal Communications Commission working on the implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and he helped to design and implement the first ever spectrum auctions in the United States. He co-chaired the Economy, Globalization and Trade committee for the Obama campaign and was a member of the Obama transition team focusing on economic agency review and energy policy. Rosston has written extensively on the application of economics to telecommunications issues and is the co-editor of two books relating to telecommunications. He has served as a consultant to various organizations including the World Bank and the Federal Communications Commission, and as a board member and advisor to high technology, financial, and startup companies in the area of auctions, business strategy, antitrust and regulation. Rosston received his Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University specializing in the fields of Industrial Organization and Public Finance and his A.B. with Honors in Economics from University of California at Berkeley.

Laurie Self is Vice President and Counsel of Government Affairs at Qualcomm Incorporated, where she specializes in intellectual property and related policy matters. Based in Washington, D.C., Self represents the Company before Congress and a number of U.S. government offices and within various professional and advocacy groups. She also supports Qualcomm’s strategy and initiatives to promote strong intellectual property rights in China and other emerging markets and to combat counterfeiting and gray-market mobile devices and components. Her particular focus is to ensure that U.S. intellectual property and trade policies provide the necessary protections and incentives to support the Company’s R&D-driven business model. Prior to her arrival at Qualcomm in July 2012, Self was a partner at top-tier law firm Covington & Burling where she chaired the firm’s intellectual property practice group. She received her A.B. in Economics from Duke University and her law degree from University of Virginia School of Law.

The Honorable Howard Shelanski is the current Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA). President Obama nominated him to the post in April 2013 and Mr. Shelanski took office following his confirmation by the U.S. Senate in June 2013. Shelanski was previously the Director of the Bureau of Economics at the Federal Trade Commission, and he has also served as Chief Economist of the Federal Communications Commission and as a Senior Economist for the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. He has been a member of the faculties of Georgetown University and the University of California at Berkeley, where his teaching and research focused on regulation and antitrust policy. Before beginning his academic and government career Shelanski practiced law and served as a law clerk to Justice Antonin Scalia of the United States Supreme Court, to Judge Louis H. Pollak of the U.S. District Court in Philadelphia, and to Judge Stephen F. Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. Shelanski received a B.A. from Haverford College, and a J.D. and Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley.

Carl Shapiro is the Transamerica Professor of Business Strategy in the Haas School of Business and Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at the University of California at Berkeley. Shapiro has published extensively in the areas of industrial organization, competition policy, patents, the economics of innovation, and competitive strategy. His current research interests include competition policy, the economics of innovation, the design and use of patents, housing finance, and energy and environmental economics. Shapiro previously served as a Member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. For the two years immediately prior to that, he was the Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics at the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, a position he also held during 1995-96. Shapiro also served as Director of the Institute of Business and Economic Research at UC Berkeley. He has been Editor and Co-Editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives and a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. Shapiro previously taught at Princeton University and has been on the Berkeley faculty since 1990. He earned his Ph.D. in Economics at MIT.

Mark Silverstein is Legal Counsel, Head of Product, Technology and Policy, as well as a member of the strategy and corporate development group at Spotify, the world’s leading streaming music service. In addition to developing the company’s global public policy strategy, Markleads a team devoted to implementing Spotify’s product vision. During Mark’s time at Spotify, the company has expanded to 58 markets and more than quadrupled its paying subscribers. Mark spent the early part of his career at Cravath, Swaine & Moore where he specialized in complex contractual, intellectual property and competition matters. He earned a JD, with honors, from the University of Pennsylvania Law School where he was an editor of the Law Review and was elected to Order of the Coif, an honors society. Mark received a BS, with honors, from The Wharton School.

Michael D. Smith is an Adjunct Senior Fellow at Technology Policy Institute. He is also a Professor of Information Systems and Marketing and the Co-Director of IDEA, the Initiative for Digital Entertainment Analytics at Carnegie Mellon University. He holds academic appointments at Carnegie Mellon University’s School of Information Systems and Management and the Tepper School of Business. Smith has received several notable awards including the National Science Foundation’s prestigious CAREER Research Award, and he was recently selected as one of the top 100 “emerging engineering leaders in the United States” by the National Academy of Engineering. Smith received a Bachelors of Science in Electrical Engineering (summa cum laude) and a Masters of Science in Telecommunications Science from the University of Maryland, and received a Ph.D. in Management Science from the Sloan School of Management at MIT.

Hal R. Varian is the Chief Economist at Google. Varian has been involved in many aspects of the company, including auction design, econometric analysis, finance, corporate strategy and public policy. He is also an Emeritus Professor at the University of California, Berkeley in three departments: business, economics, and information management, and a Fellow of the Guggenheim Foundation, the Econometric Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Varian has published numerous papers in economic theory, industrial organization, financial economics, econometrics and information economics. He is the co-author of a bestselling book on business strategy, Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy. He was Co-Editor of the American Economic Review and has taught at MIT, Stanford, Oxford, Michigan and other universities around the world. He received his S.B. degree from MIT and his M.A. in Mathematics and Ph.D. in Economics from UC Berkeley. Varian holds honorary doctorates from the University of Oulu, Finland and the University of Karlsruhe, Germany.

Lawrence J. White is the Robert Kavesh Professor of Economics and Deputy Chair, Economics, at the Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University. His primary research areas of interest include financial regulation, antitrust, network industries, international banking and applied microeconomics. White has published numerous articles in the Journal of Business, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of Economic Literature, Journal of Political Economy, American Economic Review, Review of Economics and Statistics, Quarterly Journal of Economics, and other leading journals in economics, finance, and law. He is the author of The S&L Debacle: Public Policy Lessons for Bank and Thrift Regulation, among other books, and he is the co-editor (with John Kwoka) of the 6th of edition of The Antitrust Revolution. He contributed chapters to both of the NYU Stern books on the financial crisis -Restoring Financial Stability and Regulating Wall Street. He is the co-author of Guaranteed to Fail: Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Debacle of Mortgage Finance. He received his B.A. of Economics from Harvard University, Ph.D. of Economics from Harvard University and M.Sc. of Economics from London School of Economics.

Bradley S. Wimmer is Professor of Economics at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). His research issues include the associated effects regulation and deregulation have on the market for telecommunications. Wimmer also researches the effects of asymmetric information, certification worker incentives, franchising and the minimum wage. He has published articles in journals such as Journal of Law and Economics, and Review of Economics and Statistics. Before coming to UNLV he served as a Senior Economist at the Federal Communications Commission where he worked on issues related with the Telecommunications Act of 1996. He has also prepared expert testimony for the U.S. House of Representatives. Wimmer received his B.A. from Coe College and Ph.D. from the University of Kentucky.

Stephen Worth is Senior Corporate Counsel at Amazon.com, Inc. in Seattle, WA. Currently, he is responsible for all aspects of Amazon’s digital music business in the United States, including Prime Music. Prior to working in the digital music group, Stephen supported Amazon’s Kindle Direct Publishing, CreateSpace and Kindle Store business units, and helped launch Amazon Publishing. Stephen’s legal career started in Santa Fe, New Mexico with a federal judicial clerkship with the Honorable Paul J. Kelly, Jr. on the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. After a year in Santa Fe, Stephen returned to the Midwest to work at Sidley Austin LLP in Chicago, where his focus was on corporate governance, public and private M&A, and securities matters. A native Hoosier, Stephen received his Bachelor of Arts degree (Economics; Phi Beta Kappa scholar) and J.D. (Valedictorian; Editor-in-Chief, Indiana Law Review) from Indiana University.

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