Aspen Forum 2014

AUGUST 17-19, 2014

New policy challenges are emerging from technological advances across the Internet ecosystem. The transition from switched to IP networks raises questions regarding the scope of regulation and the need for a new Telecommunications Act. The rise of big data and recent data breaches have renewed calls for federal action. Policy makers are taking a fresh look at how well our intellectual property regimes stimulate creativity and innovation in the digital world. On the international front, many countries and organizations are challenging the foundations of traditional internet governance. What does this all mean for tech policy in the years ahead? Discussion panels and speakers at the 2014 TPI Aspen Forum focused on how the communications, technology and content industries are transforming and how public policies are adapting, or not, to the changing environment.


  • 8:30 Keynote Address
    Tim BresnahanLandau Professor in Technology and the Economy and Professor of Economics, Stanford University
  • 9:00 Panel: Political Economy of Telecom Reform
    Hon. Rick BoucherPartner, Sidley Austin LLP
    Peter DavidsonSenior Vice President, Federal Government Relations, Verizon
    Roger NollProfessor of Economics, Emeritus, and Co-Director, Program on Regulatory Policy, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, Stanford University
    Philip WeiserDean, University of Colorado Law School; Executive Director and Founder, Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology and Entrepreneurship
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 10:10 Panel: Innovation and Privacy in the Era of Big Data
    Marjory S. BlumenthalExecutive Director, President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Office of Science and Technology Policy
    Tony HadleySenior Vice President of Government Affairs and Public Policy, Experian
    David LieberSenior Privacy Policy Counsel, Google
    Hon. Maureen OhlhausenCommissioner, Federal Trade Commission
    Max SimkoffCo-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Evolv
    Thomas Lenard (Moderator), President and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 11:10 Panel: Targeting a Secure Future
    Hon. Julie BrillCommissioner, Federal Trade Commission
    Hon. Michael DanielSpecial Assistant to the President and Cybersecurity Coordinator
    Nick RossiDeputy Staff Director, U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
    Craig SillimanSenior Vice President, Public Policy, Verizon
    Hon. Suzanne SpauldingDeputy Under Secretary, National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), U.S. Department of Homeland Security
    Alan Raul (moderator), Partner and Lead Global Coordinator, Privacy, Data Security and Information Law Practice, Sidley Austin LLP
  • 12:30 Luncheon Discussion: “Information Rules” After 15 Years
    Carl ShapiroTransamerica Professor of Business Strategy, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley; former Member, Council of Economic Advisers
    Hal VarianChief Economist, Google
    Judith Chevalier (moderator), William S. Beinecke Professor of Economics and Finance, Yale School of Management
  • 2:00 Concurrent Breakout Sessions
    The New Net Neutrality Order: Public Utility Regulation in Disguise?
    James AsseyExecutive Vice President, National Cable & Telecommunications Association
    Michael BeckermanPresident and Chief Executive Officer, Internet Association
    Shawn ChangChief Counsel, Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce
    Robert CrandallAdjunct Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute and Nonresident Senior Fellow, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution
    Roger NollProfessor of Economics, Emeritus, and Co-Director, Program on Regulatory Policy, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, Stanford University
    David RedlChief Counsel, Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, House Commerce Committee
    Raymond Gifford (moderator), Partner, Wilkinson Barker Knauer, LLP

    Innovation and the Intersection of Antitrust and IP
    Stephen HaberA.A. and Jeanne Welch Milligan Professor, School of Humanities and Sciences and Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
    Hon. F. Scott KieffCommissioner, U.S. International Trade Commission
    Douglas MelamedSenior Vice President and General Counsel, Intel
    Hon. Maureen OhlhausenCommissioner, Federal Trade Commission
    Matthew SandgrenSenior Counsel to Senator Orrin G. Hatch, U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary
    Carl ShapiroTransamerica Professor of Business Strategy, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley
    Thomas Lenard (moderator), President and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute

    Spectrum Sharing: How Much Can it Contribute?
    Coleman BazelonPrincipal, The Brattle Group
    Stacey BlackAssistant Vice President, Federal Regulatory Affairs, AT&T
    Jeffrey CarlisleExecutive Vice President, Regulatory Affairs and Public Policy, LightSquared
    Pierre de VriesSenior Fellow and Co-Director of the Spectrum Policy Initiative, Silicon Flatirons Center, University of Colorado, Boulder
    Harold FeldSenior Vice President, Public Knowledge
    Kathleen HamVice President, Federal Regulatory, T-Mobile, USA
    John LeibovitzDeputy Chief, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau and Special Advisor to the Chairman for Spectrum Policy, Federal Communications Commission
    David QuinaltyPolicy Director for Communications and Technology, U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
    Greg RosstonDeputy Director, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Co-Director, Public Policy Program, Stanford University
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 7:00 Dinner and Keynote David L. CohenExecutive Vice President, Comcast Corporation


  • 9:00 Panel: Copyright Protection: Government vs. Voluntary Arrangements
    Robert BrauneisProfessor of Law and Co-Director, Intellectual Property Program, George Washington University Law School
    Jill LesserExecutive Director, Center for Copyright Information
    Jeff LowensteinDeputy Chief of Staff and Legislative Director, Office of Congressman Adam Schiff
    Shira PerlmutterChief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs, United States Patent and Trademark Office
    Christopher SprigmanProfessor of Law, New York University
    Michael Smith (moderator), Senior Adjunct Fellow, Technology Policy Institute and Professor of Information Systems and Marketing, Carnegie Mellon University
  • 10:10 Panel: Internet Governance in Transition: What’s the Destination?
    Steve CrockerChair, Board of Directors, ICANN and Chief Executive Officer, Shinkuro
    Reinhard WieckManaging Director, Washington DC Office, Deutsche Telekom Group
    Amb. Daniel SepulvedaDeputy Assistant Secretary of State and U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy, U.S. Department of State
    Shane TewsVisiting Fellow, Center for Internet, Communications, and Technology Policy, American Enterprise Institute; Chief Policy Officer, 463 Communications
    Lawrence WhiteRobert Kavesh Professor of Economics and Deputy Chair, Economics, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University
    Amb. David Gross (moderator), Partner and Chair, International Telecommunications Group, Wiley Rein
  • 11:15 Panel: Data and Trade
    Anupam ChanderDirector, California International Law Center, Professor of Law, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall Research Scholar, University of California, Davis
    Michael MandelChief Economic Strategist, Progressive Policy Institute
    Joshua MeltzerFellow, Global Economy and Development, The Brookings Institution
    Matthew PeraultHead of Global Policy Development, Facebook
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 12:30 Closing Luncheon

James M. Assey is Executive Vice President of the National Cable and Telecommunications Association. Assey is also a current adjunct faculty member at Georgetown University Law School. Prior to his position at NCTA, Assey was a long time staff member on the U.S Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation chaired by U.S Senator Daniel K. Inouye (D-HI). Most recently, he was Senior Democratic Counsel to the committee, and earlier was Senior Democratic Counsel on Communications and Media Issues. Assey also served as Telecommunications Counsel for U.S Senator Ernest F. Hollings (D-SC). Assey has also held positions as Communications Associate in the Washington, D.C office of Willkie, Farr and Gallagher, Law Clerk for the Honorable Cameron M. Currie in the U.S District Court for the District of South Carolina, and Legislative Assistant to Senator Hollings. In April of 2009, Assey was chosen to be on the Federal Communications Commission’s Advisory Committee on Diversity for Communications in the Digital Age chaired by Acting FCC Chairman Michael Copps. He is a graduate of Stanford University and earned his JD from Georgetown University Law School.

Coleman Bazelon is Principal at The Brattle Group. He is an expert in regulation and strategy in the wireless, wireline, and video sectors. Bazelon has consulted and testified on behalf of clients in numerous telecommunications matters, ranging from wireless license auctions, spectrum management, and competition policy, to patent infringement, wireless reselling, and broadband deployment. Bazelon frequently advises regulatory and legislative bodies, including the U.S. Federal Communications Commission and the U.S. Congress. He also has expertise in the federal government’s use of discount rates for policy and regulatory analysis, intellectual property valuation, and antitrust and damages analysis. Prior to joining Brattle, Bazelon was a Vice President with Analysis Group, an economic and strategy consulting firm. During that time, he expanded the firm’s telecommunications practice area. He also served as a Principal Analyst in the Microeconomic and Financial Studies Division of the Congressional Budget Office where he researched reforms of radio spectrum management; estimated the budgetary and private sector impacts of spectrum-related legislative proposals; and advised on auction design and privatization issues for all research at the CBO.

Michael Beckerman is the President and CEO of The Internet Association, a trade association representing the leading global Internet companies including Airbnb, Amazon, AOL, Auction.com, eBay, Expedia, Facebook, Gilt, Google, IAC, LinkedIn, Lyft, Monster Worldwide, Netflix, Practice Fusion, Rackspace, reddit, Salesforce.com, SurveyMonkey, TripAdvisor, Twitter, Uber Technologies, Inc., Yelp, Yahoo!, and Zynga. At The Internet Association, Beckerman has worked to advance public policy solutions that strengthen and protect Internet freedom, foster innovation and economic growth, and empower users. Beckerman is regularly cited as an authority on Internet policy by major daily newspapers and industry publications, and has appeared on national radio and television networks to offer the Internet industry’s perspective on topical policy issues. Prior to The Internet Association, Beckerman served 12 years as a top congressional staff member, serving as the Deputy Staff Director and chief policy advisor to the Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce, which oversees America’s Internet policies. He graduated with honors from George Washington University.

Stacey Black is Assistant Vice President, Federal Regulatory Affairs for AT&T in Washington DC. In this role, Black is responsible for managing AT&T’s wireless interests before federal regulatory authorities, including the Federal Communications Commission. He is engaged with many spectrum-related issues including those bands identified by the NTIA for potential mobile broadband use. Black has been with AT&T since 2002, serving in various capacities involving the development and management of wireless products and applications. Black has over 30 years’ experience in the private land mobile radio and cellular communications industries, and has held executive positions in Motorola, AirTouch, Sony Electronics, and Siemens Communications.

Marjory Blumenthal is Executive Director of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). She joined PCAST after a decade combining academic leadership at Georgetown University with research and advisory activities (including as a RAND adjunct) aimed at understanding Internet and cybersecurity technology trends and policy implications. At PCAST, she manages the Council and its program of analyses yielding policy recommendations to the President and the Administration, and she fosters the implementation of PCAST recommendations. This work spans the broad landscape of science and technology, addressing implications for the economy, society, and government programs. It engages PCAST’s approximately 20 distinguished scientists and engineers from industry and academia plus hundreds of experts consulted for study-projects and the Council’s regular meetings. Working under tight time constraints, in May 2014 she produced the PCAST report, Big Data and Privacy: A Technological Perspective. Between July 1987 and August 2003, Marjory was the Executive Director of the National Academies’ Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, producing over 60 influential reports that frequently addressed the evolution of the Internet and/or cybersecurity. Marjory did her undergraduate work at Brown University and her graduate work at Harvard University.

Rick Boucher is a Partner at Sidley Austin LLP and serves as the head of the firm’s Government Strategies group. He is also honorary Chair of the Innovation Alliance. Prior to joining Sidley, Mr. Boucher served for 28 years in the U.S. House of Representatives as Virginia’s 9th District Congressman. During his Congressional tenure he served on the House Energy and Commerce and Judiciary Committees and chaired the subcommittees on Energy and Air Quality; and Communications, Technology and the Internet. He was a leading participant in every major telecommunications policy debate over the past 25 years. A subcommittee that he chaired oversaw the commercialization of the Internet and its transition from a government-owned R&D project, and he authored the 1992 law that permitted the first commercial use of the Internet. He was one of two co-founders of the Congressional Internet Caucus, and served as co-chairman of the group for 15 years. Boucher was instrumental in drafting the initial legislation providing privacy rights for Internet users and has been a longstanding proponent of fair use opportunities for digital media purchasers. Boucher also served in the Virginia Senate for seven years and before entering public service was in the private practice of law for 12 years in New York and Virginia. He received a B.A. from Roanoke College and his law degree from the University of Virginia School of Law.

Robert Brauneis is Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Intellectual Property Program at the George Washington University Law School. In 2013-2014, he served as the inaugural Abraham L. Kaminstein Scholar in Residence at the United States Copyright Office. Brauneis is a member of the Managing Board of the Munich Intellectual Property Law Center and a Trustee of the Copyright Society of the USA, and has served as President of the Giles S. Rich American Inn of Court. He has also served as an Assistant Corporation Counsel for the city of Chicago. Brauneis is the co-author of a leading casebook on copyright law, and of numerous articles on copyright, trademark, and constitutional law. He served as a law clerk to Judge Stephen G. Breyer of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (now Justice Breyer), and to Justice David H. Souter. Brauneis earned his Juris Doctor magna cum laude at Harvard Law School.

Timothy Bresnahan is the Landau Professor of Technology and the Economy and, by courtesy, a Professor of Economics for the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University. He is the former Chief Economist of the Antitrust Division of the U. S. Department of Justice. His research focuses on industrial organization, applied econometrics, and the economics of technology. Currently, he is researching entry and appropriability in technology industries, competition between old and new-paradigm computing, and economic organization for high social return to technical progress. Bresnahan received his B.A. in Economics and German from Haverford College and a M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from Princeton University.

Julie Brill was sworn in as a Commissioner of the Federal Trade Commission April 6, 2010, to a term that expires on September 25, 2016. Since joining the Commission, Brill has worked actively on issues most affecting today’s consumers, including protecting consumers’ privacy, encouraging appropriate advertising substantiation, guarding consumers from financial fraud, and maintaining competition in industries involving high tech and health care. Before she became a Commissioner, Brill was the Senior Deputy Attorney General and Chief of Consumer Protection and Antitrust for the North Carolina Department of Justice. Commissioner Brill has also been a Lecturer-in-Law at Columbia University’s School of Law. Previously, Commissioner Brill was an Assistant Attorney General for Consumer Protection and Antitrust for the State of Vermont for over 20 years. Commissioner Brill has also served as a Vice-Chair of the Consumer Protection Committee of the Antitrust Section of the American Bar Association. Commissioner Brill graduated, magna cum laude, from Princeton University, and from New York University School of Law, where she had a Root-Tilden Scholarship for her commitment to public service.

Meredith Broadbent is the Chairman of the United States International Trade Commission. She was sworn in as a Commissioner on September 10, 2012, for a term expiring on June 16, 2017, and designated as Chairman for the term June 17, 2014, to June 16, 2016. Prior to joining the Commission, Chairman Broadbent held the William M. Scholl Chair in International Business at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Previously, she served as Assistant U.S. Trade Representative for Industry, Market Access, and Telecommunications. She led the U.S. negotiating team for the Doha Round negotiations to reduce tariff and nontariff barriers on industrial goods and successfully concluded an innovative plurilateral trade agreement with the European Union, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. Broadbent also served as Trade Advisor at the Global Business Dialogue, a multinational business association. Earlier in her career, Broadbent served as a senior professional staff member on the Republican staff of the Committee on Ways and Means of the U.S. House of Representatives. She drafted and managed major portions of the Trade and Development Act of 2000 and the Trade Act of 2002. Prior to that, she served as professional staff for the House Ways and Means Trade Subcommittee. Commissioner Broadbent holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from Middlebury College and a Master of Business Administration degree from the George Washington University School of Business and Public Management.

Jeffrey Carlisle is Executive Vice President for Regulatory Affairs and Public Policy for LightSquared, where he is responsible for all domestic and international regulatory and policy matters including those at the FCC, Congress, the Executive Branch, the ITU, and in foreign markets. Before joining LightSquared, Carlisle served as Vice President of Regulatory Affairs for SkyTerra Communications. Prior to SkyTerra, he served as Vice President, International Public Policy and Government Relations of Lenovo, the global computer manufacturer. Previously, Carlisle served as Deputy Chief and Chief of the FCC’s Wireline Competition Bureau, where he managed the development of the Commission’s policies on broadband and competitive entry into the local exchange market, and he was the architect of the Commission’s policies on Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and bankruptcy of common carriers. Carlisle practiced law at O’Melveny & Myers and independently, starting as a transactional attorney and then specializing in broadcast and telecommunications law. He received a B.A. in History, magna cum laude and with honors, from UCLA; a J.D. from Boalt Hall at the University of California, Berkeley; and an M.A. in Law and Diplomacy from The Fletcher School.

Anupam Chander is the Director of the California International Law Center and Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall Research Scholar. His research focuses on the regulation of globalization and digitization. He has been a visiting professor at Yale Law School, the University of Chicago Law School, Stanford Law School, and Cornell Law School. Chander’s most recent book, The Electronic Silk Road: How the Web Binds the World Together in Commerce, was published by Yale University Press. He has published widely in the nation’s leading law journals, including the Yale Law Journal, the NYU Law Journal, the University of Chicago Law Review, Texas Law Review, and the California Law Review. His writing has received honors from the American Association of Law Schools and been selected for presentation by the Stanford-Yale Junior Faculty Forum. He also serves as a judge and commentator at the Harvard-Stanford Junior International Law Faculty Forum. Chander clerked for Chief Judge Jon O. Newman of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals and Judge William A. Norris of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. He practiced law in New York and Hong Kong with Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton. Chander received his A.B. from Harvard University and J.D. from Yale Law School.

Shawn Chang is the Chief Democratic Counsel, communications and technology policies, for the House Energy and Commerce Committee. He has been a member of the Committee since 2009, first as Counsel then as Senior Counsel to Ranking Member Henry A. Waxman (D-CA). Prior to joining the Committee, Chang served as legislative assistant to Rep. Patsy Mink (D-HI), Rep. Diane Watson (D-CA) and Rep. (now Senator) Tammy Baldwin. He also served as deputy policy director for Free Press between 2007 and 2008. Chang received his bachelor degree from Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and his law degree from George Washington University School of Law.

Judith Chevalier is the William S Beinecke Professor of Economics and Finance at the Yale School of Management. There, she teaches courses in competitive strategy and in the economics of the information economy. Prior to joining Yale, Chevalier was a Professor at the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business. She researches widely in the field of industrial organization. Specifically, she has published research on economic and antitrust issues in ecommerce and technology. She is a former co-editor of the American Economic Review, an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and an elected member of the Econometric Society. Chevalier has consulted for a number of companies on intellectual property and antitrust issues in the technology and telecommunications industries.

Robert W. Crandall is an Adjunct Senior Fellow at the Technology Policy Institute and Nonresident Senior Fellow, Economic Studies Program, at the Brookings Institution. His current research focuses on antitrust and regulatory issues in the telecommunications sector. He is the author or coauthor of numerous articles and books on communications policy, including Competition and Chaos: U.S. Telecommunications since 1996; Broadband: Should We Regulate High-Speed Internet Access? (with James H. Alleman); Who Pays for Universal Service? When Telephone Subsidies Become Transparent (with Leonard Waverman); and Talk is Cheap: The Promise of Regulatory Reform in North American Telecommunications (with Leonard Waverman). He was Acting Director, Deputy Director and Assistant Director of the Council on Wage and Price Stability. Crandall has also served as a consultant to the Antitrust Division, the Federal Trade Commission and the Treasury Department. He has taught economics at Northwestern University, MIT, the University of Maryland, George Washington University, and the Stanford in Washington program. Crandall holds an M.S. and a Ph.D. from Northwestern University.

David L. Cohen is Executive Vice President of Comcast Corporation. Cohen has a broad portfolio of responsibilities, including corporate communications, government and regulatory affairs, public affairs, legal affairs, corporate administration and community investment, and serves as senior counselor to the CEO. He also serves as Chief Diversity Officer for the company. Before assuming his role at Comcast, Cohen served as a partner in and Chairman of Ballard Spahr Andrews & Ingersoll, LLP. Previously, Cohen served as Chief of Staff to the Honorable Edward G. Rendell, the Mayor of the City of Philadelphia. Cohen serves as Chairman of the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania and its Executive Committee and as a member of the Trustee Board and the Executive Committee of Penn Medicine. In addition, he serves on both the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee of the Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce, is a member of the CEO Council for Growth, and is a national trustee of City Year. He also serves on the national board of the National Urban League and is a member of the Corporate Advisory Board of the National Council of La Raza. Cohen also was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Drexel University and an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Rider University. He graduated from Swarthmore College with a B.A. and with a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School (summa cum laude).

Stephen D. Crocker is Chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Board and CEO and co-founder of Shinkuro, Inc. He previously served as Chair of ICANN’s Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) and as Vice Chair of the Board. Dr. Crocker has been involved in the Internet since its inception. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, while he was a graduate student at UCLA, he was part of the team that developed the protocols for the Arpanet and laid the foundation for today’s Internet. He organized the Network Working Group, which was the forerunner of the modern Internet Engineering Task Force and initiated the Request for Comment (RFC) series of notes through which protocol designs are documented and shared. For this work, Dr. Crocker was awarded the 2002 IEEE Internet Award. Dr. Crocker’s experience includes research management at DARPA, USC/ISI and The Aerospace Corporation, Vice President of Trusted Information Systems, and co-founder of CyberCash, Inc. and Longitude Systems, Inc. His prior public service includes serving as the first Area Director for Security in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), the IETF Administrative Support Activity Oversight Committee (IAOC), and service on the Board of the Internet Society. Dr. Crocker earned his B.A. in mathematics and Ph.D. in computer science at UCLA, and he studied artificial intelligence at MIT. Dr. Crocker also holds an honorary doctorate in mathematics from the University of San Martin de Porres in Lima, Perú.

Michael Daniel is Special Assistant to the President of the United States and the Cybersecurity Coordinator at the White House. In this position, Daniel leads the interagency development and implementation of national cybersecurity strategy and policy. Michael also ensures that the federal government is effectively partnering with the private sector, non-governmental organizations, other branches and levels of government, and other nations. Prior to coming to the National Security Staff, Michael served for 17 years with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). He served as the Chief of the Intelligence Branch, National Security Division, in a career Senior Executive Service position. He also served as an examiner in the National Security Division’s Front Office supporting the Deputy Associate Director and in the Operations branch reviewing Navy and Marine Corps operational activities. Daniel has been heavily involved with Federal cybersecurity activities, starting with the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative. He has worked on cybersecurity funding issues in almost every budget since then and led an annual cross-cut review of Federal agencies’ cybersecurity spending. He represented OMB on cybersecurity issues in the interagency policy process and worked with various Congressional committees and staff on cybersecurity issues. Daniel received a B.A. in Public Policy from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University, M.P.P. from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard and a M.S. in National Resource Strategy from the National Defense University’s Industrial College of the Armed Forces in 2001.

Peter Davidson is Senior Vice President – Federal Government Relations for Verizon. Before joining Verizon, Davidson served as General Counsel to the United States Trade Representative from 2001-2003 and before that was Vice President for Congressional Affairs at USWest, then Qwest, coordinating all federal legislative activities for that company. From January 1995 until June 1999, Davidson served as the General Counsel and Policy Director to the Majority Leader of the U.S. House of Representatives, Dick Armey. Davidson also served as General Counsel and Policy Director for the House Republican Conference from 1992-94, as Attorney-Advisor in the Department of Justice’s Office of Legal Counsel from 1991-92 and before that clerked on the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver, CO from 1990-91. He is a graduate of Carleton College and the University of Virginia School of Law.

Pierre de Vries is the Spectrum Initiative Co-Director and Senior Adjunct Fellow at Silicon Flatirons Center and researches and advises clients on the intersection of information technology and government policy. His current projects include regulatory paradigms for the Internet/web, alternative conceptual models for wireless policy, spectrum allocation in the TV white spaces, and the impact of intangibility on decision-making in the digital world. Mr. De Vries is a Research Fellow at the Economic Policy Research Center of the University of Washington, and a Senior Adjunct Fellow of the Silicon Flatirons Center at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He is also a technology advisor to the Washington, D.C., law firm of Harris Wiltshire & Grannis. He is a former Chief of Incubation and Senior Director of Advanced Technology and Policy at Microsoft Corporation. Prior to his twelve years at Microsoft, De Vries worked for Korda & Co, a London-based seed capital company and consultancy, advising corporate customers like Pearson and Scientific Atlanta on the likely evolution and business impact of new technologies. He evaluated potential venture capital investments, negotiated investments and relationships, and served as a start-up board member.

Harold Feld is Senior Vice President of Public Knowledge. Prior to joining Public Knowledge, Feld worked as Senior Vice President of Media Access Project, advocating for the public interest in media, telecommunications and technology policy for almost 10 years. Prior to joining MAP, Feld was an associate at Covington & Burling, worked on Freedom of Information Act, Privacy Act, and accountability issues at the Department of Energy, and clerked for the D.C. Court of Appeals. He also writes Tales of the Sausage Factory, a progressive blog on media and telecom policy. In 2007, Illinois Senator Dick Durbin praised him and his blog for “[doing] a lot of great work helping people understand how FCC decisions affect people and communities on the ground.” Feld received his B.A. from Princeton University, and his J.D. from Boston University Law School.

Raymond L. Gifford is a Partner at Wilkinson Barker Knauer, LLP, where he counsels communications, electric and gas utilities and information technology companies on regulation, administrative law, and competition policy. He is an expert in public utilities law as it relates to telecommunications and energy matters. Before returning to private law practice, Gifford served as President of The Progress & Freedom Foundation. Before that, he was Chairman of the Colorado Public Utilities Commission serving as the chief regulator in the state of Colorado of the telecommunications, electricity, natural gas and transportation industries. Gifford began his regulatory career as First Assistant Attorney General for Regulatory Law in the Colorado Attorney General’s office. He clerked for the Honorable Richard P. Matsch of the United States District Court for the District of Colorado. Gifford received his B.A. from St. John’s College and his J.D. from the University of Chicago.

Ambassador David A. Gross is a Partner in Wiley Rein’s Communications Practice and former U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy at the U.S. Department of State. He has addressed the United Nations General Assembly and led more U.S. delegations to major international telecommunication conferences than anyone in modern history. During his tenure at the State Department, Ambassador Gross had overall responsibility for the formulation and advocacy of international communications policy for the United States. Prior to this position, he served as Washington counsel to AirTouch Communications (now Vodafone) and was in private law practice. Ambassador Gross received his J.D. from Columbia Law School and his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania.

Stephen Haber is A.A. and Jeanne Welch Milligan Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences and Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. He is also Professor of Political Science, Professor of History, and Professor of Economics (by courtesy), a Senior Fellow of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, and a Senior Fellow of the Stanford Center for International Development. Haber’s research spans a number of academic disciplines, including comparative politics, financial economics, and economic history. He has authored, coauthored, or edited ten books, and his papers have been published in journals such as American Political Science Review, World Politics, International Security, the Journal of Economic History, the Hispanic American Historical Review, the Journal of Banking and Finance, and the Journal of International Business Studies. Haber’s most recent book, Fragile by Design: The Political Origins of Banking Crises and Scarce Credit (coauthored with Charles Calomiris) was published by Princeton University Press in 2014. His current research focuses on two areas: the impact of geography on the long-run evolution of economic and political institutions; and the political conditions under which societies sustain intellectual property systems that promote innovation. Haber received his B.A. degree from the George Washington University and his Ph.D. degree from UCLA.

Tony Hadley is Senior Vice President of Government Affairs and Public Policy for Experian, where he leads the legislative and political programs relating to e-commerce and privacy for the Experian group of companies. Hadley also leads Experian’s public policy efforts with a number of trade groups and alliances. These include the Direct Marketing Association (DMA), the Consumer Data Industry Association, the Internet Advertising Bureau, the Internet Alliance, the US Chamber of Commerce, the American Financial Services Association and a number State Chambers of Commerce. He is Chairman of the National Business Coalition on E-commerce and Privacy. Hadley previously led the Government Affairs program for a national trade association, and worked as a press secretary and legislative assistant on Capitol Hill.

Kathleen O’Brien Ham is Vice President, Federal Regulatory Affairs for T-Mobile USA, Inc. For the last two years, FierceWireless has named her one of the most influential women in wireless. Prior to joining T-Mobile, she worked for fourteen years at the FCC in a number of top policy positions, including Deputy Chief of the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau. She was also the first Chief of the FCC’s Spectrum Auctions Program where she was responsible for the first PCS spectrum auctions. She also served on the FCC’s Spectrum Management Task Force and was involved in the Intergovernmental Advisory Committee that negotiated the reallocation of third generation (3G) wireless spectrum from government to commercial use. A graduate of Catholic University Law School, she received her undergraduate degree from the University of Colorado, with a Bachelor of Science in Journalism.

F. Scott Kieff became a Commissioner of the U.S. International Trade Commission on October 18, 2013, after having been nominated by President Obama and confirmed by the Senate. Before swearing in, Commissioner Kieff took a leave of absence from serving as Fred C. Stevenson Research Professor at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, DC; and resigned from Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, where he was the Ray & Louise Knowles Senior Fellow and directed the Hoover Project on Commercializing Innovation. He previously taught at Washington University in Saint Louis, as a Professor in the School of Law with a secondary appointment in the School of Medicine’s Department of Neurological Surgery; and at the Munich Intellectual Property Law Center at Germany’s Max Planck Institute. He has been a visiting professor in the law schools at Northwestern, Chicago, and Stanford; and a faculty fellow in the Olin Program on Law and Economics at Harvard. Kieff practiced law as a trial lawyer and patent lawyer for Pennie & Edmonds in New York and Jenner & Block in Chicago and as Law Clerk to U.S. Circuit Judge Giles S. Rich. He regularly served as a testifying and consulting expert, mediator, and arbitrator. He studied law at Penn and biology and economics at MIT. He was recognized as one of the nation’s “Top 50 under 45” by the magazine IP Law & Busines, and was inducted as a Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.

John Leibovitz is Special Advisor to the Chairman for Spectrum Policy and Deputy Chief of the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau at the Federal Communications Commission. He has played an integral role in the formulation of a comprehensive spectrum strategy for the United States, first as spectrum team lead for the National Broadband Plan and more recently as Special Advisor to the Chairman for Spectrum Policy. As Deputy Chief of the Wireless Bureau, he is responsible for implementing this strategy and other wireless policies. Projects supervised by Leibovitz include the three Advanced Wireless Services proceedings (H Block, AWS-3, and AWS-4), the 3.5 GHz “small cells” proceeding, and the wireless service rules (band plan, etc.) for the upcoming Voluntary Incentive Auction. Prior to joining the FCC, Leibovitz worked on the Presidential Transition Team, where he helped to launch the Technology, Innovation, and Government Reform working group. Before that, he worked as an entrepreneur and strategy consultant in telecom with an emphasis on the wireless sector. He started his business career with McKinsey & Company in New York. Leibovitz received his B.A. Summa Cum Laude from the University of Pennsylvania, an M.Phil. from Cambridge University, and a J.D. from Yale Law School, where he received the prize for the best student note in the Yale Law Journal.

Thomas Lenard is President and Senior Fellow at the Technology Policy Institute. Lenard is the author or coauthor of numerous books and articles on telecommunications, electricity, antitrust, privacy, e-commerce and other regulatory issues. His publications include Net Neutrality or Net Neutering: Should Broadband Internet Services Be Regulated?; The Digital Economy Fact Book; Privacy and the Commercial Use of Personal Information; Competition, Innovation and the Microsoft Monopoly: Antitrust in the Digital Marketplace; and Deregulating Electricity: The Federal Role. Before joining the Technology Policy Institute, Lenard was acting president, senior vice president for research and senior fellow at The Progress & Freedom Foundation. He has served in senior economics positions at the Office of Management and Budget, the Federal Trade Commission and the Council on Wage and Price Stability, and was a member of the economics faculty at the University of California, Davis. He is a past president and chairman of the board of the National Economists Club. Lenard is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin and holds a PhD in economics from Brown University.

Jill Lesser serves as the Executive Director of the Center for Copyright Information, a non-profit organization established to implement the Copyright Alert System. Lesser is also a strategic policy consultant and a Managing Director at The Glover Park Group. Prior, Lesser served as Senior Vice President, Domestic Public Policy for AOL Time Warner, Inc. She was also a Senior Policy Advisor for Time Warner, Inc. Lesser joined America Online in 1996 and managing domestic policy until its merger with Time Warner. Lesser also sat on the boards of several industry-related organizations, including TRUSTe and the Internet Education Foundation. Prior to joining AOL, Lesser was Deputy Director of Public Policy and Director of the Civic Media Project at People for the American Way. Lesser was also a litigation associate in New York with the Law firm Debevoise & Plimpton and graduated with honors from the University of Michigan where she majored in political science. She received her J.D. cum laude from Boston University School of Law.

David Lieber is a Senior Privacy Policy Counsel for Google in Washington, DC, where he works on privacy and data security issues. Before taking on the role of Privacy Policy Counsel, David represented Google on a broad array of issues before state legislatures across the country. Prior to joining Google, David worked as an associate in the E-Commerce & Privacy practice at DLA Piper and previously served as a Legislative Assistant to Senator Dick Durbin on the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Jeff Lowenstein is Deputy Chief of Staff and Legislative Director for Congressman Adam Schiff (D-CA). He advises the Congressman on issues related to Intellectual Property, technology policy, and national security. He serves as primary liaison to the House Appropriations Committee and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and has also advised the Congressman on issues before the Judiciary Committee. He coordinates the Congressman’s work as co-chair of the Congressional International Creativity and Theft-Prevention Caucus (formerly the International Anti-Piracy Caucus), a bipartisan, bicameral caucus focused on addressing copyright piracy. He is a graduate of Georgetown University.

Michael Mandel is Chief Economic Strategist at the Progressive Policy Institute in Washington, where he supervises PPI’s research and policy work across a wide range of topics, including the data-driven economy, the impact of regulation on innovation, and policies to improve production, investment and job growth. Mandel is currently co-principal investigator for a Sloan Foundation grant on “Measuring the Impact of Globalization.” Mandel also holds an appointment as senior fellow at Wharton’s Mack Institute for Innovation Management at the University of Pennsylvania, and serves as president and founder of South Mountain Economics LLC, which provides expertise on emerging occupations and emerging industries. Mandel formerly served as chief economist at BusinessWeek, where he directed the magazine’s coverage of the domestic and global economies. While at BusinessWeek. He received multiple awards for his work, including the Gerald Loeb Award for Business and Financial Journalism. He is the author of four books including Rational Exuberance: Silencing the Enemies of Growth and Why the Future Is Better Than You Think. Mandel received a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University.

Doug Melamed is Senior Vice President and General Counsel at Intel. In this role he is responsible for overseeing all Intel legal matters as well as corporate and government affairs. Prior to joining Intel, he was a partner in the Washington, DC office of WilmerHale, where he was a leader in its Regulatory and Government Affairs Department and served as a chair of the Antitrust and Competition Practice Group. Melamed served in the U.S. Department of Justice as Acting Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Antitrust Division and as principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General. He was responsible for civil non-merger and merger investigations and litigation; policy matters involving, among others, the communications and electricity industries; and international antitrust enforcement matters. Melamed has been the Distinguished Visitor from Practice and an adjunct professor at the Georgetown University Law Center, and he has authored numerous articles on antitrust and on law and economics. He is a contributing editor of the Antitrust Law Journal and a member of the Board of Academic Advisors of the Journal of Law, Economics and Policy at George Mason University. He is also a member of the Boards of Directors of the Nasdaq exchanges, American Law Institute and the Yale University Council, and a past member of board of trustees of Sidwell Friends School. He received his B.A. from Yale University and his J.D. from Harvard Law School.

Joshua Meltzer is a Fellow in Global Economy and Development at the Brookings Institution and an Adjunct Professor at the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies. He is also a reviewer for the Journal of Politics and Law. His work focuses on international trade law and policy issues relating to the World Trade Organization (WTO) and Free Trade Agreements. Meltzer’s research also includes the intersection between climate change and international trade and the role of trade policy in supporting access to the internet and cross-border data flows. He also writes on global governance issues with a focus on the legitimacy of the WTO and other international economic bodies such as the G-20. Meltzer has been published in several peer reviewed law and policy journals and has testified on international trade issues before Congress and the United States International Trade Commission. Prior to joining Brookings, Meltzer was a trade negotiator and legal advisor with the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. He was also posted as a diplomat to the Australian Embassy in Washington D.C. where he was responsible for trade and climate change issues. Meltzer has an S.J.D. and L.L.M from the University of Michigan Law School, Ann Arbor and law and commerce degrees from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.

Roger G. Noll is Professor of Economics Emeritus at Stanford University and a Senior Fellow at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, where he directs the Program in Regulatory Policy. Noll also is a Senior Fellow and member of the Advisory Board at the American Antitrust Institute, and a member of the Advisory Board of the AEI-Brookings Joint Center on Regulation. Noll’s primary research interests include technology policy; antitrust, regulation and privatization policies in both advanced and developing economies; the economic approach to public law; and the economics of sports and entertainment. Prior to coming to Stanford, Noll was a Senior Economist at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, and Institute Professor of Social Science and Chair of the Division of Humanities and Social Sciences at the California Institute of Technology. He has won a Guggenheim Fellowship and the Rhodes Prize for undergraduate education, among others. Noll is the author or co-author of twelve books and over three hundred articles and reviews. Noll has been a member of the advisory boards of the U.S. Department of Energy, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and National Science Foundation. He also has been a member of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and the Board on Science, Technology and Economic Policy of the National Research Council, and of the California Council on Science and Technology. Noll received a B.S. with honors in mathematics from the California Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University.

Maureen Ohlhausen is a Commissioner at the Federal Trade Commission. Prior to joining the Commission, Ohlhausen was a partner at Wilkinson Barker Knauer, LLP, where she focused on FTC issues, including privacy, data protection, and cybersecurity. Ohlhausen previously served at the Commission for 11 years, most recently as Director of the Office of Policy Planning from 2004 to 2008, where she led the FTC’s Internet Access Task Force. She was also Deputy Director of that office. From 1998 to 2001, Ohlhausen was an attorney advisor for former FTC Commissioner Orson Swindle, advising him on competition and consumer protection matters. She started at the FTC General Counsel’s Office in 1997. Before coming to the FTC, Ohlhausen spent five years at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, serving as a law clerk for Judge David B. Sentelle and as a staff attorney. Ohlhausen also clerked for Judge Robert Yock of the U.S. Court of Federal Claims from 1991 to 1992. Ohlhausen graduated with distinction from George Mason University School of Law in 1991 and graduated with honors from the University of Virginia in 1984.

Matt Perault is the head of policy development at Facebook, where he develops the company’s positions on global policy issues. Prior to joining Facebook, Perault was Counsel at the Congressional Oversight Panel. He previously worked on privatization policy as a consultant at the World Bank and served as a law clerk for the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Perault holds a law degree from Harvard Law School, a Master’s degree in Public Policy from Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy, and a Bachelor’s degree in political science from Brown University.

Shira Perlmutter is the Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs at the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Before joining the USPTO, Perlmutter was Executive Vice President for Global Legal Policy at the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI). Prior to that, she held the position of Vice President and Associate General Counsel for Intellectual Property Policy at Time Warner. Perlmutter previously worked at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Geneva as a consultant on the copyright issues involved in electronic commerce. She was also the first Associate Register for Policy and International Affairs at the U.S. Copyright Office and a copyright consultant to the Clinton Administration’s Advisory Council on the National Information Infrastructure. Perlmutter is a Research Fellow at the Oxford Intellectual Property Research Centre at Oxford University, and a lecturer at King’s College, University of London. She taught law at The Catholic University of America, and practiced in New York City, specializing in copyright and trademark counseling and litigation. Perlmutter received her A.B. from Harvard University and her J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania.

David Quinalty is Policy Director for Communications and Technology on the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. He joined the Republican staff of the Senate Commerce Committee in 2009. On behalf of Ranking Member John Thune (R-SD), Quinalty leads the Committee’s efforts on telecommunications, technology, Internet, and media issues. He also served as Deputy Staff Director for Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX), the Committee’s previous Ranking Member, assisting in the management of the Republican staff. Prior to joining the Committee, Quinalty spent more than five years working for Senator John Ensign (R-NV), handling similar issues as well as banking, financial services, and transportation issues. Quinalty held a number of positions in the entertainment industry prior to coming to Washington, D.C. He is graduate of the University of California, Los Angeles.

Alan Charles Raul is the lead Global Coordinator of Sidley’s Privacy, Data Security and Information Law practice. He has a broad litigation and counseling practice that covers government regulation, enforcement and administrative law, corporate compliance, data protection and information governance law. Raul’s practice in this area involves federal, state and international privacy issues, including regulatory compliance, privacy and consumer protection litigation, FTC, State Attorney General and congressional investigations, international data transfers, information security, cybersecurity, cloud computing, and representation in connection with data breaches. He also represents clients with respect to Internet Law, E-Commerce, marketing, advertising and other consumer issues. He has previously served as Vice Chairman of the White House Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, as General Counsel of the Office of Management and Budget and as Associate Counsel to the President. Raul received his law degree from Yale Law School.

David Redl is Chief Counsel for Communications and Technology on the majority staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce. In his role with the Committee, Redl advises Chairman Fred Upton and Subcommittee Chairman Greg Walden on communications and technology matters. Prior to joining the Energy and Commerce Committee staff, Redl served as Director of Regulatory Affairs at CTIA – The Wireless Association®, an international trade association of the wireless communications industry where his work focused on policy issues involving wireless technology, spectrum, broadband, and regulatory mandates. He is a member of the New York and District of Columbia Bars. Redl received his B.A. in Journalism and his B.A. in Political Science from the Pennsylvania State University and his J.D. from the Catholic University of America with a certificate from the Institute for Communications Law Studies.

Nick Rossi is the Deputy Staff Director for the Minority on the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, working for the committee’s Ranking Member, Senator John Thune of South Dakota. He oversees a range of issues within the committee’s jurisdiction, particularly cyber security and data breach legislation. Rossi has spent nearly a decade in senior leadership positions on U.S. Senate committees, including: Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (Minority Staff Director); Commerce (Minority Chief Counsel and Chief Investigator); Intelligence (Investigative Counsel); and Judiciary (Minority Chief Counsel and Deputy Staff Director). Prior to his career on Capitol Hill, Rossi served for more than a decade in the Federal Bureau of Investigation as an attorney and special agent. He also practiced law at a private firm in Cleveland, Ohio. Rossi is an honors graduate of both the University of Notre Dame and Harvard Law School.

Gregory L. Rosston is Deputy Director of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Deputy Director of the Public Policy program at Stanford University. He is also a Lecturer in Economics and Public Policy at Stanford University where he teaches courses on competition policy and strategy, intellectual property, and writing and rhetoric. He currently serves as the co-chair of the Department of Commerce Spectrum Management Advisory Committee. Rosston served as Deputy Chief Economist at the Federal Communications Commission working on the implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and he helped to design and implement the first ever spectrum auctions in the United States. He co-chaired the Economy, Globalization and Trade committee for the Obama campaign and was a member of the Obama transition team focusing on economic agency review and energy policy. He has served as a consultant to various organizations including the World Bank and the Federal Communications Commission, and as a board member and advisor to high technology, financial, and startup companies in the areas of auctions, business strategy, antitrust and regulation. Rosston received his Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University specializing in the fields of Industrial Organization and Public Finance and his A.B. with Honors in Economics from University of California at Berkeley.

Matthew Sandgren is Senior Counsel to Senator Orrin G. Hatch, the former Chairman and longest serving Republican of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Sandgren joined Senator Hatch’s personal office staff in 2003 and was promoted to the Judiciary Committee staff in 2007. Beyond intellectual property and technology, his legislative portfolio spans a good portion of the Judiciary panel’s jurisdiction including immigration, biotechnology, cybersecurity, privacy, and telecommunications. He is also Senator Hatch’s lead counsel for the Senate Republican High-Tech Task Force and the International Creativity and Theft Prevention Caucus. During the 113th Congress, Matt has had the primary responsibility for drafting, negotiating and developing the Immigration Innovation Act, the Patent Litigation Integrity Act, and the Defend Trade Secrets Act. Sandgren has been involved in several key intellectual property bills including the America Invents Act (P.L. 112-29), the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act (P.L. 111-148), the Satellite Television Extension and Localism Act (P.L. 111-175), and the Prioritizing Resources and Organization for Intellectual Property Act (P.L. 110-403). In 2012, Sandgren was named as one of Roll Call’s “30 Aides to Know.” Before coming to Washington, Sandgren worked in the legal department for Nu Skin Enterprises. He is a member of the Utah and District of Columbia bars, earned a B.A. from Brigham Young University, a J.D. from The University of Tulsa, and an LL.M. from The George Washington University.

Daniel A. Sepulveda serves as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State and U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy in the State Department’s Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs (EB). Prior to joining the State Department, Ambassador Sepulveda served as a Senior Advisor to Senator William “Mo” Cowan of Massachusetts. Previously, he served as a Senior Advisor and member of Senator John Kerry’s senior management team. Ambassador Sepulveda previously served as an Assistant U.S. Trade Representative. He managed trade, immigration, interstate commerce, labor, and ethics and lobbying reform issues for Senator Barack Obama, and helped advise his campaign for President. Before joining Senator Obama’s office, Ambassador Sepulveda worked for Senator Barbara Boxer, a member of the Senate Commerce Committee. Additional prior experience includes service in the Clinton Administration in the Office of Policy at the U.S. Department of Labor and advocacy at the nation’s largest Latino organization, the National Council of La Raza (NCLR). Ambassador Sepulveda received his B.A. in Political Science and History from Emory University and M.P.A. from the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin as a Woodrow Wilson Fellow in Public Policy and International Affairs.

Carl Shapiro is the Transamerica Professor of Business Strategy in the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley. Shapiro has published extensively in the areas of industrial organization, competition policy, patents, the economics of innovation, and competitive strategy. His current research interests include competition policy, the economics of innovation, the design and use of patents, housing finance, and energy and environmental economics. Shapiro previously served as a Member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. For the two years immediately prior to that, he was the Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics at the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, a position he also held during 1995-96. Shapiro also served as Director of the Institute of Business and Economic Research at UC Berkeley. He has been Editor and Co-Editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives and a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. Shapiro previously taught at Princeton University and has been on the Berkeley faculty since 1990. He earned his Ph.D. in Economics at MIT.

Craig Silliman is Senior Vice President for Public Policy and Government Affairs for Verizon. Prior to this appointment, Silliman has served in a number of other senior management roles at Verizon. As Senior Vice President and Deputy General Counsel he had responsibility for antitrust, intellectual property, national security, privacy and strategic product support. As Senior Vice President and General Counsel for Verizon’s wireline consumer, business and wholesale groups, Silliman was responsible for all legal and regulatory support for Verizon’s wireline business unit globally. Silliman serves on the Board and Executive Committee of the U.S. Telecom Association; the Board and Executive Committee of Broadband for America; the Board of Directors of the International Association of Commercial and Contract Managers; and the Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra. He is a past member of the Board of Directors of the European Competitive Telecommunications Association. Prior to joining Verizon, Silliman was an attorney in the international trade practice at Collier, Shannon, Rill & Scott in Washington, DC. He has also taught International Telecommunications Regulation as an adjunct professor at the American University School of Law in Washington, DC. Silliman earned his undergraduate degree in International Relations from the University of North Carolina and his law degree from the University of Virginia.

Max Simkoff is Co-Founder and CEO of Evolv. Simkoff oversees all aspects of Evolv strategy and operations. He also serves on the board of Identified, a data and analytics company focused on professional information. Prior to Evolv, Simkoff was the Director of Corporate Development for RCS, a hospital payment technology company backed by Austin Ventures and InvestRx. At RCS, Simkoff oversaw the evaluation and negotiation of strategic acquisitions and joint venture programs while also managing the design and implementation of the company’s talent acquisition program. Before joining RCS, he was a co-founder of InvestRx, a San Francisco-based private equity fund targeting middle-market healthcare services and technology companies. Simkoff received a B.A. in History from Northwestern University.

Michael D. Smith is a Professor of Information Systems and Marketing and Co-Director of the Center for Digital Media Research at Carnegie Mellon University. He holds academic appointments at Carnegie Mellon University’s School of Information Systems and Management and the Tepper School of Business. Smith has received several notable awards including the National Science Foundation’s prestigious CAREER Research Award, and he was recently selected as one of the top 100 “emerging engineering leaders in the United States” by the National Academy of Engineering. Smith received a Bachelors of Science in Electrical Engineering (summa cum laude) and a Masters of Science in Telecommunications Science from the University of Maryland, and received a Ph.D. in Management Science from the Sloan School of Management at MIT.

Suzanne E. Spaulding serves as Under Secretary for the National Protection and Programs Directorate at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Spaulding has spent nearly 25 years working on national security issues. She was most recently a principal in the Bingham Consulting Group and of Counsel for Bingham McCutchen LLP. Prior to joining the private sector, she served as the Minority Staff director for the U.S. House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and as General Counsel for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. She also spent six years at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and served as Senior Counsel and Legislative Director for U.S. Senator Arlen Specter. In 2002, she was appointed by Virginia Gov. Mark Warner to the Secure Commonwealth Panel. Spaulding also worked with key critical infrastructure sectors and served as Security Counsel for the Business Roundtable. In addition, Spaulding served as the executive director of the National Commission on Terrorism and the Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. She was Assistant General Counsel at CIA, including a position as legal adviser to the Nonproliferation Center, and also spent several years in private practice. Spaulding was a Senior Fellow at the Homeland Security Policy Institute, George Washington University. Spaulding earned both her law degree and undergraduate degree at the University of Virginia.

Chris Sprigman is Professor of Law at New York University School of Law. Prior to NYU he taught intellectual property law, antitrust law, competition policy and comparative constitutional law at the University of Virginia School of Law. He is author (along with Kal Raustiala) of the book, The Knockoff Economy: How Imitation Sparks Innovation. He was previously a Residential Fellow at the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School and, prior, a partner at the Washington, D.C., office of King & Spalding. Sprigman served as appellate counsel in the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, where he worked on U.S. v. Microsoft, among other matters. He also taught at the law school of the University of the Witwatersrand, in Johannesburg, South Africa. Sprigman clerked for Judge Stephen Reinhardt of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, and for Justice Lourens H. W. Ackermann of the Constitutional Court of South Africa. He received his B.A. with honors from the University of Pennsylvania. He attended the University of Chicago Law School, serving as a comment editor of the University of Chicago Law Review and graduating with honors.

Shane Tews is a Visiting Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute’s Center for Internet, Communications, and Technology Policy, where she works primarily on cybersecurity and Internet governance issues. She is also the Chief Policy Officer at 463 Communications, a firm that advises high-tech organizations on Internet policies. Tews dealt with Internet security and domain issues as Vice President of Global Policy for Verisign Inc. She is currently Vice-Chair of the Board of Directors of the Internet Education Foundation, a nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote a decentralized global Internet. She began her career on Capitol Hill as a Legislative Director for a member of Congress and worked in the George H. W. Bush White House, in the Office of Cabinet Affairs and at the US Department of Transportation. Tews studied communications at Arizona State University and at American University, where she graduated with a bachelor’s degree in general studies with an emphasis on communications and political science.

Congressman Scott Tipton represents Colorado’s 3rd Congressional district, which includes the town of Aspen. He currently serves as Chairman of the Small Business Committee Subcommittee on Agriculture, Energy and Trade. In addition, Rep. Tipton sits on the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on Agriculture, and is a co-founder of the Congressional Small Business Caucus, a bipartisan caucus committed to open dialogue on the issues that most impact small businesses. He is a champion of advancing an all-of-the-above energy solution that balances common sense conservation with responsible development. He passed the Planning for American Energy Act through the House to put requirements into place to develop wind, solar, hydropower, geothermal, oil, natural gas, coal, oil shale and minerals, based on the needs of the American people. Rep. Tipton is leading the charge in Congress to stop federal attempts to encroach on private property, including fighting massive federal grabs of privately-held water rights–standing up for farmers and ranchers, the ski industry, and all who rely on their water rights to survive. Rep. Tipton was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010 and again in 2012 for a second term. Prior to serving in the U.S. Congress, Rep. Tipton was elected as a Republican to the Colorado House of Representatives for the 58th District. Before entering government, he owned and co-founded Mesa Verde Indian Pottery. Rep. Tipton is a graduate of Ft. Lewis College.

Hal R. Varian is the Chief Economist at Google. Varian has been involved in many aspects of the company, including auction design, econometric analysis, finance, corporate strategy and public policy. He is also an Emeritus Professor at the University of California, Berkeley in three departments: business, economics, and information management, and a Fellow of the Guggenheim Foundation, the Econometric Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Varian has published numerous papers in economic theory, industrial organization, financial economics, econometrics and information economics. He is the co-author of a bestselling book on business strategy, Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy. He was Co-Editor of the American Economic Review and has taught at MIT, Stanford, Oxford, Michigan and other universities around the world. He received his S.B. degree from MIT and his M.A. in Mathematics and Ph.D. in Economics from UC Berkeley. Varian holds honorary doctorates from the University of Oulu, Finland and the University of Karlsruhe, Germany.

Scott Wallsten is vice president for research and senior fellow at the Technology Policy Institute. He is an economist with expertise in industrial organization and public policy. His research focuses on telecommunications, regulation, competition, and technology policy. His research has been published in numerous academic journals and his commentaries have appeared in newspapers and news magazines around the world. He is also a senior fellow at the Georgetown Center for Business and Public Policy. He was the economics director for the FCC’s National Broadband Plan and has been a lecturer in Stanford University’s public policy program, director of communications policy studies and senior fellow at the Progress & Freedom Foundation, a senior fellow at the AEI – Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies and a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, an economist at The World Bank, a scholar at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, and a staff economist at the U.S. President’s Council of Economic Advisers. He holds a PhD in economics from Stanford University.

Philip Weiser is the Dean of the Law School, Thompson Professor of Law, and Executive Director and Founder of the Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship at the University of Colorado. Prior to his return to the University of Colorado, Weiser served as the Senior Advisor for Technology and Innovation to the National Economic Council Director at the White House and as the Deputy Assistant Attorney General at the United States Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division. Since joining the CU faculty in 1999, Weiser founded the Journal on Telecommunications & High Technology Law and the Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship. He co-chairs the Colorado Innovation Council, and served as the lead agency reviewer for the Federal Trade Commission as part of the 2008 Presidential Transition. Prior to joining the Colorado Law faculty, Dean Weiser served as Senior Counsel to the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Antitrust Division at the United States Department of Justice. Weiser served as a law clerk to Justices Byron R. White and Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the United States Supreme Court and to Judge David Ebel at the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals. Weiser graduated with high honors from both the New York University School of Law and Swarthmore College.

Lawrence White is the Robert Kavesh Professor of Economics and Deputy Chair, Economics, at the Leonard N. Stern School of Business, New York University. His primary research areas of interest include financial regulation, antitrust, network industries, international banking and applied microeconomics. White has published numerous articles in the Journal of Business, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of Economic Literature, Journal of Political Economy, American Economic Review, Review of Economics and Statistics, Quarterly Journal of Economics, and other leading journals in economics, finance, and law. He is the author of The S&L Debacle: Public Policy Lessons for Bank and Thrift Regulation, among other books, and he is the co-editor (with John Kwoka) of the 6th of edition of The Antitrust Revolution. He contributed chapters to both of the NYU Stern books on the financial crisis -Restoring Financial Stability and Regulating Wall Street. He is the co-author of Guaranteed to Fail: Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Debacle of Mortgage Finance. He received his B.A. of Economics from Harvard University, Ph.D. of Economics from Harvard University and M.Sc. of Economics from London School of Economics.

Sign Up for Updates

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.