Aspen Forum 2011

AUGUST 21-23, 2011

The tech sector is crucial to the economic recovery and to our prospects for long-run growth. Discussions at TPI’s Aspen Forum explored how technology and communications companies are faring and how the current economic and regulatory climate is affecting their ability to drive growth and productivity as they have in the past.



  • 8:45 Keynote Address
    Dale JorgensonSamuel W. Morris University Professor, Department of Economics, Harvard University
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    View Referenced Paper
  • 9:30 Keynote Address
    Victor NicholsCEO, Experian North America
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  • 10:00 Panel: Information and Privacy: In Search of a Data-Driven Policy
    Susan AtheyProfessor of Economics, Harvard University and Chief Economist, Microsoft
    Barbara LawlerChief Privacy Officer, Intuit
    J. Thomas RoschCommissioner, Federal Trade Commission View Remarks
    Hal VarianChief Economist, Google
    Daniel WeitznerDeputy Chief Technology Officer for Internet Policy, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
    Thomas Lenard (moderator), President, Technology Policy Institute
  • 11:15 Panel: The Internet in a Post Wikileaks, Post-Egypt World
    Bob BoorstinDirector of Corporate and Policy Communication, Google
    Brian CuteChief Executive Officer, Public Interest Registry
    Robert McDowellCommissioner, Federal Communications Commission
    Chris PainterCoordinator for Cyber Issues, U.S. Department of State
    Iñaki UrdangarinChairman, Telefonica Internacional USA
    David Gross (moderator), Partner, Wiley Rein LLP
  • 12:30 Luncheon
  • 2:00 Concurrent Breakout Sessions
    Antitrust and Competition in High-Tech Industries: Theory and Practice
    Robert CrandallSenior Fellow, Economic Studies Program, Brookings Institution
    Caroline HollandChief Counsel and Staff Director, Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights, Senate Committee on the Judiciary
    Geoffrey ManneFounder, International Center for Law & Economics and Lecturer in Law, Lewis and Clark Law School
    Marius SchwartzChief Economist, Office of Strategic Planning, Federal Communications Commission
    Howard ShelanskiProfessor of Law, Georgetown University
    Joshua WrightProfessor of Law, George Mason University School of Law
    Thomas Lenard (moderator), President and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute

    Protecting IP in the Internet Ecosystem: Roles and Responsibilities

    Aaron CooperSenior Counsel for Intellectual Property and Antitrust, Senate Committee on the Judiciary
    Markham EricksonExecutive Director, Open Internet Coalition and Founding Partner, Holch & Erickson LLP
    Mitch GlazierExecutive Vice President, Public Policy and Industry Relations, Recording Industry Association of America
    John PalfreyHenry N. Ess III Professor of Law, Vice Dean, Library and Information Resources, Harvard Law School and Faculty Co-Director, Berkman Center for Internet & Society
    Randal PickerPaul H. and Theo Leffmann Professor of Commercial Law; Senior Fellow, the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory
    Jayme WhiteStaff Director, Subcommittee on International Trade, Customs, and Global Competitiveness, Senate Committee on Finance
    Stan Liebowitz (moderator), Ashbel Smith Professor of Economics, University of Texas at Dallas

    Spectrum Policy: What Happens After Incentive Auctions?

    Michael AltschulSenior Vice President & General Counsel, CTIA-The Wireless Association
    Kathy BrownSenior Vice President, Public Policy Development and Corporate Responsibility, Verizon
    Len CaliSenior Vice President, Global Public Policy, External and Legislative Affairs, AT&T
    Harold FeldLegal Director, Public Knowledge
    Neil FriedChief Counsel, Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, House Committee on Energy and Commerce
    Thomas HazlettProfessor of Law & Economics and Director of the Information Economy Project, George Mason University School of Law
    Evan KwerelSenior Economic Advisor, Federal Communications Commission
    Gregory RosstonDeputy Director, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Deputy Director, Public Policy Program, Stanford University
    Phil WeiserDean and Thompson Professor of Law, University of Colorado Law School and Executive Director and Founder, Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship at the University of Colorado
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy InstituteThe Internet, Social Media and Drug Advertising
    Mark BardMember, Board of Directors, Digital Health Coalition
    Jim DavidsonExecutive Director, Advertising Coalition
    Peter PittsPresident, Center for Medicine in the Public Interest
    Paul RubinDobbs Professor of Law and Economics, Emory University and Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
    Arlene Holen (moderator), Senior Fellow, Technology Policy Institute
  • 6:00 Reception
  • 7:00 Dinner Address
    Peter ThielPresident, Clarium Capital


  • 8:30 Keynote Address
    Krish PrabhuPresident and CEO, AT&T Labs
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  • 9:00 Panel: Cybersecurity – Public and Private Roles
    Dmitri AlperovitchVice President, Threat Research, McAfee, Inc.
    Mark BerejkaSenior Policy Advisor, Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Kevin GronbergSenior Counsel, Committee on Homeland Security, U.S. House of Representatives
    Tony HadleyVice President of Government Affairs, Experian
    Ralph HellmannSenior Vice President of Government Relations, Information Technology Industry Council
    Phil WeiserDean, University of Colorado Law School
    Shane Tews (moderator), Vice President, Global Public Policy, VeriSign
  • 10:15 Panel: Watching the Future: The Economic Implications of Online Video
    Paul de SaChief, Office of Strategic Planning & Policy Analysis, Federal Communications Commission
    Kyle DixonVice President, Public Policy, Time Warner, Inc.
    Mark IsraelSenior Vice President, Compass Lexecon
    John RyanChief Legal Officer, Level 3 Communications
    Scott Wallsten (moderator), Vice President for Research, Technology Policy Institute
  • 11:15 Panel: A Discussion with Media and Telecom Leaders
    Dorothy AttwoodSenior Vice President, Global Public Policy, Disney
    Kathy BrownSenior Vice President, Public Policy Development and Corporate Responsibility, Verizon
    Pablo ChavezDirector, Public Policy, Google
    Mike GallagherPresident and CEO, Entertainment Software Association
    Blair LevinCommunications and Society Program Fellow, Aspen Institute
    Michael PowellPresident and CEO, NCTA
    Joe Waz (moderator), Altura LLC
  • 12:30 A Conversation with the Commissioners
    Mignon ClyburnCommissioner, Federal Communications Commission
    Robert McDowellCommissioner, Federal Communications Commission
    Kim HartTechnology Reporter, Politico

Dmitri Alperovitch is Vice President, Threat Research at McAfee. He leads McAfee’s Internet threat intelligence analysis, correlation, and visualization, as well as the development of real-time, in-the-cloud Global Threat Intelligence services, such as TrustedSource and SiteAdvisor. Alperovitch is a leading inventor of numerous patent-pending technologies and has conducted extensive research on reputation systems, spam detection, public-key and identity-based cryptography, and network intrusion detection and prevention. Alperovitch has significant experience working as a subject-matter expert with all levels of U.S. and international law enforcement on analysis, investigations, and profiling of transnational organized criminal activities and cyberthreats from terrorist and nation-state adversaries. Prior to joining McAfee, he led the research team and the software-as-a-service (SaaS) business at Secure Computing. Alperovitch holds a master’s degree in information security and a bachelor’s degree in computer science, both from Georgia Institute of Technology.

Mike Altschul is Senior Vice President & General Counsel of CTIA – The Wireless Association. As CTIA’s General Counsel, Mr. Altschul is responsible for the Association’s legal advocacy, CTIA’s compliance with antitrust and other applicable laws, and he is an active participant in the development of the Association’s public policy positions. Altschul joined CTIA in 1990 after serving with the Antitrust Division of the United States Department of Justice. Prior to that, he began his legal career as an attorney specializing in antitrust litigation with Simpson Thacher Bartlett in New York City. During his ten year stint at the Justice Department, Altschul worked exclusively on communications matters, including the Modification of Final Judgment and the GTE decree, as well as related FCC filings and telecommunications industry mergers and acquisitions. Altschul received a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Colgate University, and a Juris Doctor from the New York University School of Law.

Susan Athey is a Professor of Economics at Harvard University. Her current research focuses on auction theory, the design of auction-based markets, the statistical analysis of auction data, and internet economics. She currently serves as a consultant to Microsoft Corporation in the role of chief economist. She has also taught at MIT and Stanford. In 2007, Professor Athey was named the first female recipient of the American Economic Association’s prestigious John Bates Clark Medal, awarded every other year to the most accomplished American economist under the age of 40. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Econometric Society, and she has served as an elected member of the Council of the Econometric Society, the Executive Committee of the American Economics Association, and the Game Theory Society. Other honors include being named as a World Economic Forum Young Global Leader, Fast Company’s 100 Most Creative People in Business, Diversity MBA’s Top 100 under 50 Diverse Executives, and Kilby Award Foundation’s Young Innovator Award. She received her Bachelor of Science degree from Duke University and her Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University’s Graduate School of Business.

Dorothy Attwood is Senior Vice President for Global Public Policy at the Walt Disney Company. She is responsible for the development of Disney’s strategic international, federal and local public policy initiatives. Prior to joining Disney, Ms. Attwood was Senior Vice President for Public Policy and Chief Privacy Officer for AT&T Corporation, where she lead AT&T’s public policy strategy across all AT&T lines of business, including wireless, Internet, video and wireline services. Prior to joining the AT&T in November of 2002, Ms. Attwood spent six years at the Federal Communications Commission in a variety of senior policy-making positions. Ms. Attwood was the Senior Legal Advisor to Chairman William Kennard on all common carrier, enforcement and consumer matters, and served as chief of the Federal Communications Commission’s Wireline Competition Bureau under both Chairman Kennard and Chairman Michael Powell. Before joining the FCC, Ms. Attwood was a partner in the Philadelphia law firm Cozen & O’Conner, specializing in commercial litigation and she clerked for the Honorable Walter K. Stapleton of the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Ms. Attwood received her bachelor’s degree from Brown University, a Master’s Degree from The Wharton School and her J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School.

Mark Bard is a new media, marketing, and technology entrepreneur. He is currently focused on launching a non–profit organization — the Digital Health Coalition — with the mission of fostering innovation in the digital health space. The Coalition includes global health market leaders, entrepreneurs, investors, policy experts, and academic leaders with an interest in the future of health online. Mark was a co-founder of Manhattan Research, a leading research and advisory firm with a client base of global health and pharmaceutical clients. The firm was acquired by Decision Resources and Providence Equity Partners (PEP) in 2008. With deep expertise in the digital health space, Mark’s focus and passion includes mobile, social, search, and customer service in a digital world. With over 15 years of industry experience, Mark is an internationally recognized expert on topics including the Internet and the healthcare system, new media, health information technology trends, mobile, social, and pharmaceutical sales and marketing.

Marc Berejka has served as the U.S. Commerce Secretary’s technology policy advisor since July 2009. He is responsible for identifying and employing policy levers that can be used to promote innovation. Recognizing that innovation is a broad topic, he currently focuses on a handful of strategic issues that arise in the intellectual property, IT standards, broadband, privacy and cybersecurity realms. He regularly engages with industry stakeholders, as well as with counterparts at other U.S government agencies and in the White House’s tech-policy office. Within the Commerce Department, he works with the Patent & Trademark Office, the National Institute of Standards & Technology, and the National Telecommunications & Information Administration in shaping certain policy efforts. He co-founded and co-leads the Department’s Internet Policy Task Force. Prior to joining the Department, Mr. Berejka worked for 12 years in various public policy roles in the high tech sector. He has built and managed industry coalitions, driven issue campaigns, developed legislation and articles, and engaged with the press, non-profits, academics and the like. He has managed policy initiatives on a global basis. Mr. Berejka spent the first part of his career as a telecommunications lawyer with various firms in Washington, D.C. He holds a J.D. from Georgetown University and a B.A. from Princeton University. While at Princeton he focused on political science, economics and Russian studies.

Bob Boorstin is a Director of Public Policy in the Washington D.C. office of Google, Inc., where his portfolio includes the company’s promotion of online free expression and other geopolitical issues. Mr. Boorstin brings to Google more than twenty years experience in national security, political communications, public opinion research and journalism. During the Clinton Administration, he served in the National Security Council and advised the Secretaries of Treasury and State. Prior to coming to Google, he established and ran the national security programs at the Center for American Progress, a leading Washington think tank. He has advised Fortune 500 companies and some of the nation’s leading advocacy groups, and worked on more than a dozen political campaigns in the U.S. and abroad. Early in his career he was a reporter for The New York Times and other publications. He holds degrees from Harvard College and King’s College, Cambridge University.

Kathryn C. Brown is Senior Vice President for Public Policy Development and Corporate Responsibility at Verizon. Before joining Verizon, Brown was a partner at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering and a member of the firm’s Communications and Electronic Commerce practice. Brown served as the Chief of Staff of the Federal Communications Commission and as the Chief of the FCC’s Common Carrier Bureau. Before the FCC, Brown was the Associate Administrator, Office of Policy Analysis and Development, at the U.S. Department of Commerce National Telecommunications & Information Administration. She also worked at the New York State Public Service Commission in various capacities. Prior to joining the NYPSC, she was the Deputy Clerk of the New York State Court of Appeals. Brown received her J.D., summa cum laude, from Syracuse University College of Law and her B.A., magna cum laude, from Marist College.

Leonard J. Cali serves in AT&T’s External and Legislative Affairs organization as Senior Vice President – Global Public Policy. In this role, Mr. Cali is responsible for developing AT&T’s positions on public policy issues and leading AT&T’s international external affairs activities. Mr. Cali is based in Washington, DC, and is active in industry and community organizations including as AT&T’s representative on the executive committee of the United States Council on International Business, on the board of directors of the National Association of Manufacturers, and in the chief regulatory officers group of the GSM Association. Prior to assuming his current role, Mr. Cali served as AT&T’s Senior Vice President responsible for wireless and international external affairs. Before this, he served as AT&T Corp.’s Vice President – Law & Director of Federal Government Affairs, with responsibility for AT&T’s Washington office including its federal law and antitrust group and its federal regulatory, congressional, and executive branch advocacy teams. Earlier in his career, Mr. Cali served in a variety of positions in the AT&T Law and Public Policy group, where he had responsibility for development and advocacy of AT&T’s policy positions on telecommunications competition and related matters. Before joining AT&T in 1988, Mr. Cali was associated with the law firm of Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft in New York City, where he focused on general commercial litigation matters. Mr. Cali received a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Michigan Law School and a Bachelor of Arts degree from Fordham University.

Pablo Chavez is Director of Public Policy for Google. Chavez leads the company’s U.S. federal policy team and advises on, develops, and advocates in favor of a range of public policy issues including privacy, content regulation, and online free expression. Prior to joining Google, Chavez served as a legal and legislative counsel to the Senate Commerce Committee and to Senator John McCain. As a senior Senate staffer, Chavez managed a broad portfolio of issues and responsibilities including several Internet-focused matters such as spyware, content regulation, online free expression, Internet taxation, oversight of ICANN, and privacy. Before his time as a Senate staffer, Chavez was an attorney at the law firm of Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati where he represented both public and private technology companies through all stages of their development. Chavez received his law degree from Stanford Law School and his bachelor’s degree in Public and International Affairs from Princeton University.

Mignon Clyburn is Commissioner at the Federal Communications Commission. Prior to her swearing in as Commissioner, Ms. Clyburn served for 11 years as the representative of South Carolina’s sixth district on the Public Service Commission of South Carolina (PSC). She served as chair of the PSC from July 2002 through June 2004. During her tenure at the PSC, Ms. Clyburn served as the chair of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners’ (NARUC) Washington Action Committee and as a member of both the association’s Audit Committee and Utilities Market Access Partnership Board. Commissioner Clyburn is also a former chair of the Southeastern Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (SEARUC). Commissioner Clyburn was elected to the South Carolina PSC following 14 years as the publisher and general manager of The Coastal Times, a Charleston-based weekly newspaper. Commissioner Clyburn has been actively involved in myriad community organizations, including the South Carolina State Energy Advisory Council, the Trident Technical College Foundation, the South Carolina Cancer Center Board, and the Columbia College Board of Visitors. Commissioner Clyburn is a graduate of the University of South Carolina, where she earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Banking, Finance & Economics.

Robert Crandall is a nonresident Senior Fellow in the Economic Studies program at the Brookings Institution. He has specialized in industrial organization, antitrust policy, and the economics of government regulation. His current research focuses on regulatory policy in the telecommunications sector, with particular emphasis on competition in wireless and broadband services. He is author of various books and articles, including Competition and Chaos: U.S. Telecommunications since 1996; Broadband: Should We Regulate High-Speed Internet Access? (with James H. Alleman), Who Pays for Universal Service? When Telephone Subsidies Become Transparent (with Leonard Waverman); After the Breakup: The U.S. Telecommunications Sector in a More Competitive Era; and Manufacturing Changing the Rules: Technological Change, International Competition, and Regulation in Communications (with Kenneth Flamm). Mr. Crandall was a Johnson Research Fellow at the Brookings Institution. He has taught economics at Northwestern University, MIT, the University of Maryland, George Washington University, and the Stanford in Washington program. Prior to assuming his current position at Brookings, he was acting director, deputy director and assistant director of the Council on Wage and Price Stability. He holds an M.S. and a Ph.D. from Northwestern University.

Aaron Cooper serves as Chief Counsel for Intellectual Property and Antitrust to Senator Leahy on the Senate Judiciary Committee. Prior to this position, Cooper served as legal counsel to Senator Sarbanes. He was also associate at Covington & Burling, and law clerk for Judge Tjoflat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Cooper is a graduate of Vanderbilt Law School and Princeton University.

Brian Cute is Chief Executive Officer of Public Interest Registry. Prior to joining PIR, Brian served as Vice President of Discovery Services for Afilias, the world’s leading provider of Internet infrastructure solutions and registry systems provider to PIR for the .ORG domain. His experience within the domain name system (DNS) runs deep, having had management positions in both a leading domain name registrar, Network Solutions, as Director of Policy, and a leading registry, Verisign, as Vice President of Government Relations until 2003. He has led initiatives on wait-list service, private domain registrations, the elimination of Bulk WHOIS, and numerous other ICANN policy matters and has a keen interest in the development of the Internet of Things. A lawyer by trade, Brian began his career representing the competitive telecommunications service providers. He subsequently served as Senior Counsel at Teleglobe Communications, advising country managers on the expansion of Teleglobe’s submarine cable, satellite and terrestrial network in Europe and Asia.

James H. Davidson is Chair of the Public Policy group at Polsinelli Shughart PC. Prior to joining Polsinelli Shughart he was the founding partner of lobbying firm Davidson & Company. His work on Capitol Hill also includes service as Chief Counsel and Staff Director for the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Practice and Procedure and Chief Counsel of the Governmental Affairs Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations. Through his work on behalf of a coalition of television and cable networks and national media and advertising trade associations, Mr. Davidson is one of the nation’s leading experts on media and advertising law. He was asked by leaders in the advertising, media and food manufacturing industries to help coordinate industry self-regulatory initiatives and supporting legislation and regulations through creation of the Alliance for American Advertising. He received his B.J. from the University of Missouri-Columbia and his J.D from the University of Missouri-Columbia, School of Law.

Paul de Sa has been Chief of the Office of Strategic Planning at the Federal Communications Commission since joining the FCC in July 2009. Before that, he was a Partner at McKinsey & Company, where he was a leader in the Telecom/Media, Private Equity and Corporate Finance practices in the United States and Asia. Prior to joining McKinsey, Mr. de Sa received a doctorate in theoretical physics from Oxford University. He was also a Kennedy Scholar at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Science, Technology, and Public Policy program at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.

Kyle Dixon is Vice President – Public Policy for Time Warner Inc., a “pure content company” that invests and innovates in the creation and delivery of high-quality news and entertainment through an expanding array of digital services and devices. Kyle advises and advocates on behalf of Time, Inc., Warner Bros., HBO and the Turner cable networks on a variety of topics, including: broadband and the Internet; online video; advertising; Congressional oversight of the FCC; and overall policy strategy. Before joining Time Warner Inc., Kyle was a Partner at Wilkinson Barker Knauer, LLP, a Washington-based boutique law firm specializing in communications and technology. Kyle also served for more than seven years at the Federal Communications Commission, both as Legal Advisor to Chairman Michael Powell and as Deputy Bureau Chief in the Media Bureau. He is a graduate of the University of Chicago, where he earned a B.A. with Honors in Public Policy, and the Yale Law School, where he served as Symposium Editor for the Yale Law Journal.

Markham C. Erickson is a founding partner of Holch & Erickson LLP. His practice typically involves engagement on complex issues relating to the Internet, new technologies, and nascent industries. Beginning in the mid-1990s, representing Netscape and AOL, Erickson helped to write and negotiate many of the federal laws that govern e-commerce, technology, and the use of the Internet, including the CAN-SPAM Act, the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and the Communications Decency Act. In addition, Erickson has represented the United States government before the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on matters relating to speech and content regulation on the Internet. He serves as lead counsel to Google, eBay, Amazon.com, IAC, Skype, and other Internet and technology companies in the Open Internet Coalition (www.openinternetcoalition.com). He also serves as Executive Director to NetCoalition. Erickson routinely represents start-up companies and technology firms on a variety of matters before the Department of Justice, the Federal Trade Commission, the Federal Communications Commission, and the United States Congress. These issues range from privacy compliance matters to law enforcement compliance issues, as well as involving negotiations over the applications of existing laws to new business models or new areas of technology. Erickson received a B.A. in English Literature from Wheaton College and a J.D., with honors, from George Washington University Law School.

Harold Feld is Public Knowledge’s Legal Director. He is responsible for managing and mentoring PK’s growing legal team and acting as lead attorney for issues before the Federal Communications Commission and the courts. Before becoming Legal Director at Public Knowledge, Harold worked as Senior Vice President of Media Access Project, advocating for the public interest in media, telecommunications and technology policy for almost 10 years. Prior to joining MAP, Feld was an associate at Covington & Burling, worked on Freedom of Information Act, Privacy Act, and accountability issues at the Department of Energy, and clerked for the D.C. Court of Appeals. He received his B.A. from Princeton University, and his J.D. from Boston University Law School. Harold also writes Tales of the Sausage Factory, a progressive blog on media and telecom policy. In 2007, Illinois Senator Dick Durbin praised him and his blog for “[doing] a lot of great work helping people understand how FCC decisions affect people and communities on the ground.”

Neil Fried is chief counsel on communications and technology matters for the Energy and Commerce Committee in the U.S. House of Representatives. He advises Rep. Fred Upton, chairman of the committee, and Rep. Greg Walden, chairman of the Communications and Technology Subcommittee, on television, radio, telecommunications, spectrum and Internet issues. Among other things, Neil was involved in the enactment of the 2005 digital television transition legislation and congressional oversight of the 2009 transition date. Before joining the committee in August 2003, he spent three years in private practice, where he specialized in television and telecommunications issues. Prior to his work in the private sector, he served four years with the Federal Communications Commission as an attorney in what is now the Wireline Competition Bureau. There, he helped implement the Telecommunications Act of 1996. He has an undergraduate degree from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, and earned his law degree from the Washington University School of Law in St. Louis, Missouri.

Michael Gallagher is President and CEO of the Entertainment Software Association, the trade association representing U.S. computer and video game publishers. Mr. Gallagher joined the ESA in 2007. Under his leadership, the ESA engages in activities that demonstrate the influence of entertainment software on areas of daily life such as education, health and the workplace. Mr. Gallagher’s interest in the broader uses of games helped the ESA adopt a focus on highlighting the value of video games as next-generation learning tools, and their increasing incorporation into classrooms. His accomplishments include the ESA’s sponsorship of the National STEM Video Game Challenge, part of the White House-led “Educate to Innovate” campaign. In addition, Mr. Gallagher served on the judging panel for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s “Apps for Healthy Kids” competition. Mr. Gallagher also manages the ESA’s work with state officials at state officials, helping to foster a welcoming operating environment for the high-paying jobs in the video game industry. Additionally, he leads the ESA’s collaboration with the Congressional Caucus for Competitiveness in Entertainment Technology (E-TECH Caucus), which educates federal policymakers about the economic, educational and social benefits of interactive entertainment technology. Previously, Mr. Gallagher was the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Assistant Secretary for Communications & Information, serving as chief telecommunications and Internet policy advisor. During his tenure at the Department of Commerce, he led successful efforts to pave the way for a number of ground-breaking spectrum-based technologies and services, and developed and successfully advocated the U.S. government’s policies on international Internet governance. Mr. Gallagher also served as Communications Practice chair at leading international law firm Perkins Coie, during which time he co-authored, “21st Century Communications Systems for First Responders: The Right Call,” which offered groundbreaking spectrum policy recommendations and championed the role of the private sector in enhancing our nation’s public safety communications infrastructure. Mr. Gallagher holds degrees in Economics and Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley and a Juris Doctor from the University of California, Los Angeles. He currently serves on the Boards of Directors for the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences and One Economy Corporation, as well as the Board of Advisors for Spectrum Bridge, Inc.

Mitch Glazier is Executive Vice President, Public Policy and Industry Relations to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Glazier serves as the chief advocate for the recorded music industry before policymakers and government officials and is responsible for industry relations, including the Gold and Platinum Sales Award Program. Glazier, because of his role in policy debates over new media, was named as one of the nation’s “50 most influential men under 37,” by “Details” magazine. Before his tenure with RIAA, Glazier served as Chief Counsel to the Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. House of Representatives. Glazier also served as law clerk to Judge Wayne R. Andersen, United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, and practiced law at the Chicago law firm Neal, Gerber & Eisenberg as an associate in commercial litigation. Glazier holds a Doctor of Jurisprudence degree from Vanderbilt University and a Bachelor of Science degree in Social Policy, cum laude, from Northwestern University.

Kevin Gronberg is Senior Counsel to the Committee on Homeland Security in the U.S. House. He acts as the primary cybersecurity advisor to Chairman Peter T. King of the full committee and Daniel Lungren, Chair of the subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection and Security Technologies. Kevin is closely involved in drafting legislation dealing cybersecurity programs and policies of the Department of Homeland Security. Previous to working for the Committee, Kevin was the manager of CIP Policy and Coordination at the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), where he directed analysis of critical infrastructure protection issues, and coordinated policy with key electric industry stakeholders, including U.S. Government agencies. Prior to NERC, Kevin worked as an attorney in the Office of the General Counsel at the Department of Homeland Security, where he provided legal counsel to the staff and leadership of the Department’s Office of Cyber Security and Communications. Kevin is a graduate of Yale University and received his JD from the Tulane University School of Law.

Ambassador David A. Gross is former U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy at the U.S. Department of State, is a Partner in Wiley Rein’s premier Communications Practice. One of the world’s foremost experts on international telecommunications, he has addressed the United Nations (UN) General Assembly and led more U.S. delegations to major international telecommunication conferences than anyone in modern history. At Washington, DC-based Wiley Rein, Ambassador Gross draws on his more than 25 years of experience as a global policy maker and corporate executive to assist U.S. companies seeking to enter or expand international businesses, as well as non-U.S. companies and organizations seeking to invest in, monitor and understand the U.S. market. He also advises foreign companies on non-U.S. countries and opportunities and informs clients regarding the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Organization for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD), Asia Pacific Economic Cooperative (APEC) and other international bodies. During his tenure at the State Department (2001-2009), Ambassador Gross had overall responsibility for the formulation and advocacy of international communications policy for the United States. Prior to this position, he served as Washington counsel to AirTouch Communications (now Vodafone), then the world’s largest wireless telecommunications company. He was in private law practice from 1979 to 1993. Ambassador Gross received his J.D. from Columbia Law School and his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania.

Tony Hadley is Senior Vice President of Government Affairs and Public Policy for Experian, where he leads the legislative and political programs relating to e-commerce and privacy for the Experian group of companies. Tony also leads Experian’s public policy efforts with a number of trade groups and alliances. These include the Direct Marketing Association’s (DMA), the Consumer Data Industry Association, the Internet Advertising Bureau, the Internet Alliance, the US Chamber of Commerce, the American Financial Services Association and a number State Chambers of Commerce. Tony is Chairman of the National Business Coalition on E-commerce and Privacy. Tony previously led the Government Affairs program for a national trade association, and worked as a press secretary and legislative assistant on Capitol Hill.

Kim Hart is POLITICO Pro’s senior technology reporter. Previously, she created and wrote the “Hillicon Valley” blog, covering Congress, at The Hill. Earlier, she covered national technology and policy for The Washington Post, where she also wrote the weekly “Download” column about the D.C. tech scene. She’s worked at The Baltimore Sun and at her hometown paper in Fort Myers, Fla. Hart is a graduate of the University of Florida and the University of Maryland and has taught journalism at The George Washington University and Georgetown University.

Thomas W. Hazlett is Professor of Law & Economics and serves as Director of the Information Economy Project at George Mason University School of Law. He is also a Columnist for the New Technology Policy Forum hosted by the Financial Times. Professor Hazlett previously held faculty appointments at the University of California at Davis, Columbia University, and the Wharton School, and in 1991-92 served as Chief Economist of the Federal Communications Commission. Professor Hazlett has published widely in academic and popular journals on the economics of the Information Sector. He has provided expert testimony to federal and state courts, regulatory agencies, committees of Congress, foreign governments, and international organizations. His book, Public Policy Toward Cable Television, was co-authored with Matthew L. Spitzer (MIT Press, 1997).

Ralph Hellmann is Senior Vice President, Government Relations at the Information Technology Industry Council. Hellman leverages his extensive experience in technology and on Capitol Hill to promote ITI’s policy agenda among lawmakers and regulators. He joined ITI in 2001 after spending over six years with Congressional leadership where he earned a reputation for bridging party lines to enact several groundbreaking pieces of legislation. He also played an instrumental role in establishing the Digital Television Transition. He is consistently recognized by key policy publications as one of the top lobbyists in Washington, D.C. BusinessWeek cited his ability to build bipartisan consensus when it named Ralph one of the top technology lobbyists under the Obama Administration, and he is currently one of National Journal’s political “insiders,” a group of top political operatives who participate in a weekly National Journal poll about topics in the news. Ralph has a B.A. in Political Science from the University of Florida.

Caroline Holland is Chief Counsel and Staff Director of the Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights, chaired by Senator Herb Kohl (D-WI). In this capacity, she oversees all of Senator Kohl’s Judiciary Committee work with a direct focus on antitrust and intellectual property issues. Prior to assuming this position in 2008, she served as Judiciary Committee counsel to Senator Kohl working on a variety of civil law issues including immigration, bankruptcy, access to justice, civil rights, and constitutional law. Before joining the Subcommittee, Caroline was an attorney in private practice in Washington, D.C. focusing on public policy and regulatory work. She also has experience as a legislative aide on the Antitrust Subcommittee and began her career at the Department of Justice Antitrust Division as a paralegal. Ms. Holland holds a J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in Public Policy from Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut.

Mark Israel is Senior Vice President of Compass Lexecon. Israel’s areas of expertise include antitrust, damages, econometrics, and industrial organization economics. He has substantial experience bringing state-of-the-art econometric tools to bear in merger and litigation matters. He has served as an expert in litigation, arbitration, and regulatory proceedings in industries including cable television, broadband internet service, airlines, shipping, credit cards, cigarettes, and consumer retail. He has supported clients with all aspects of merger analysis, from initial assessment through lengthy government investigations, in industries including financial markets, airlines, consumer beverages, and cable television. Israel has written numerous academic articles on merger policy, price discrimination, and competition and consumer choice in insurance and other financial service markets. Prior to joining Lexecon, Israel was an Associate Professor at Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management. He received his PhD in economics from Stanford University.

Dale W. Jorgenson is the Samuel W. Morris University Professor at Harvard University. Jorgenson has conducted groundbreaking research on information technology and economic growth, energy and the environment, tax policy and investment behavior, and applied econometrics. He is the author of 246 articles in economics and the author and editor of thirty-three books. His most recent book, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN GROWTH RESURGENCE, represents a major effort to quantify the impact of information technology on the U.S. economy. Jorgenson served as President of the American Economic Association and was named a Distinguished Fellow of the Association. He was a Founding Member of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy of the National Research Council in and served as Chairman of the Board. He also served as Chairman of Section 54, Economic Sciences, of the National Academy of Sciences and was President of the Econometric Society. Jorgenson received the prestigious John Bates Clark Medal of the American Economic Association, which is awarded every two years to an economist under forty for excellence in economic research. At Harvard, he was appointed the Frederic Eaton Abbe Professor of Economics and served as Chairman of the Department of Economics. Prior to joining the Harvard faculty, he taught at the University of California, Berkeley. Jorgenson received a BA in Economics from Reed College in Portland, Oregon and a PhD in Economics from Harvard.

Evan Kwerel is currently Senior Economic Advisor in the Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis, and the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau at the Federal Communications Commission. He has worked on broad range of spectrum policy issues and has been a proponent of market-based approaches to spectrum management. He is currently working on a proposal for the FCC to use “incentive auctions” to induce TV broadcasters to voluntarily give up spectrum in the UHF TV band so that it can be re-auctioned for higher-value flexible uses. In 1993, after Congress granted the FCC auction authority, he was the primary architect of the FCC’s innovative simultaneous multiple round auction methodology. He was also a major intellectual force in the development of price caps and reforming the regulation of international telecom facilities and rates. Dr. Kwerel received his B.A. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1972 and his Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1976. From 1976 to 1982, he was an assistant professor of economics at Yale University. In 1981 he was a Brookings Economic Policy Fellow, and from 1982 to 1983, he was a senior economist with the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. He joined the FCC in 1983. In 1995 he received the Federal Communications Commission’s Gold Medal Award for Distinguished Service. In 2009 the Federal Communications Bar Association awarded him the Excellence in Government Service Award.

Barbara Lawler is the first Chief Privacy Officer at Intuit, makers of, TurboTax®, Quicken®, QuickBooks®, and other online financial services. Ms. Lawler is responsible for creating and driving data stewardship and personal information use strategy, policy and, leading to Intuit’s tie for first as the “Most Trusted Company for Privacy” in 2007. Before Intuit, Ms. Lawler spent over 20 years in privacy, data management and marketing at Hewlett Packard, and was their first Chief Privacy Officer. During her tenure, HP was selected as the “Most Trusted Company for Privacy” in 2004. Ms. Lawler is a member of the International Association of Privacy Practitioners Certified Information Privacy Professional Advisory Board and is a previous member of its Board of Directors. She participates in privacy and information policy leadership groups, including the Executive Committee of the Center for Information Policy Leadership, Ponemon Institute RIM Council Advisory Board, TRUSTe Advisory Board, The Future of Privacy Forum and has served on the California Office of Privacy Protection Advisory Board for breach notification. She has a B.S. in Business from San Jose State University, certifications in Advertising and Marketing Communications, and is a Certified Information Privacy Professional.

Stan Liebowitz is Ashbel Smith Professor of Economics in the Management School at the University of Texas at Dallas and is head of the Center for the Analysis of Property Rights and Innovation (CAPRI). Professor Liebowitz’ research interests include the economic impact of new technologies, intellectual property, the economics of networks and standards, pricing issues, and antitrust. He has consulted and testified internationally on issues related to technology, antitrust, and intellectual property. Liebowitz received his B.A. from John Hopkins University and his Ph.D. in Economics from UCLA.

Blair Levin is a Communications & Society Fellow with the Aspen Institute. Prior to joining the Institute, he served as Executive Director of the National Broadband Planning effort. Previously, he had spent eight years as an equity analyst at Legg Mason and Stifel Nicolaus. As Barron’s Magazine noted, Levin “has always been on top of developing trends and policy shifts in media and telecommunications … and has proved visionary in getting out in front of many of today’s headline making events.” Mr. Levin also served as Chief of Staff to FCC Chairman Reed Hundt from 1993 through 1997. Prior to that Mr. Levin practiced law North Carolina. He is a graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School.

Geoffrey Manne is the Founder of the International Center for Law and Economics. Professor Manne is also a Lecturer in Law at Lewis & Clark Law School in Portland, OR and an academic affiliate of LECG. Prior to founding ICLE, Professor Manne was Director, Global Public Policy at LECG and directed Microsoft’s legal and economics academic outreach program. Prior to joining Microsoft, Professor Manne was a law professor specializing in antitrust, law and economics, corporate governance and international economic regulation, all topics on which he has written. He is an expert in the economic analysis of law, drawing on degrees from the University of Chicago as well as work for Judge Richard Posner, private practice, and a brief stint at the FTC. Professor Manne has practiced antitrust law at Latham & Watkins, served as a Bigelow Fellow at the University of Chicago Law School and an Olin Fellow at the University of Virginia School of Law, and he clerked for Judge Morris S. Arnold on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals. Professor Manne is a co-founder of the Microsoft / George Mason Annual Conference on the Law and Economics of Innovation and he is the co-editor (with Joshua Wright) of a forthcoming volume from Cambridge University Press, Regulating Innovation: Competition Policy and Patent Law Under Uncertainty. He blogs at Truth on the Market.

Robert M. McDowell is a Commissioner at the Federal Communications Commission, where he has served since 2006. During his time at the FCC, Commissioner McDowell has worked to help consumers in the communications marketplace enjoy the benefits of more choices, lower prices and useful innovations through increased competition. Creating opportunities for the construction of new delivery platforms that will bring about such competition has been one of his top priorities. Immediately prior to joining the FCC, Commissioner McDowell was Senior Vice President for the Competitive Telecommunications Association (CompTel). He has served on the North American Numbering Council (NANC) and on the board of directors of North American Numbering Plan Billing and Collection, Inc. (NBANC). Prior to joining CompTel, McDowell served as the Executive Vice President and General Counsel of America’s Carriers Telecommunications Association (ACTA), which merged with CompTel. He also worked at the firm Arter & Hadden and served as chief legislative aide to a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. McDowell received his BA from Duke University and his JD from the College of William and Mary.

Victor Nichols is Chief Executive Officer of Experian North America. Prior to this appointment in January 2010, Victor was Chief Executive Officer, UK and EMEA, and leader of Experian’s Marketing Services practice globally. He joined Experian in early 2007 with 27 years of experience in the fields of finance and technology. Victor was previously Chief Information Officer for Wells Fargo & Company and also served as Chief Executive Officer of VICOR, a company delivering advanced corporate receivables management solutions and electronic delivery services globally. He holds a Master of Business Administration in Finance from the University of California, Berkeley, and a bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of California, San Diego.

Christopher Painter is Coordinator for Cyber Issues at the U.S. Department of State. Mr. Painter has been on the vanguard of cyber issues for twenty years. Most recently, Mr. Painter served in the White House as Senior Director for Cybersecurity Policy in the National Security Staff. During his two years at the White House, Mr. Painter was a senior member of the team that conducted the President’s Cyberspace Policy Review and subsequently served as Acting Cybersecurity Coordinator. He coordinated the development of a forthcoming international strategy for cyberspace and chaired high-level interagency groups devoted to international and other cyber issues. Mr. Painter began his federal career as an Assistant U.S. Attorney in Los Angeles where he led some of the most high profile and significant cybercrime prosecutions in the country, including the prosecution of notorious computer hacker Kevin Mitnick. He subsequently helped lead the case and policy efforts of the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section in the U.S. Department of Justice and served, for a short time, as Deputy Assistant Director of the F.B.I.’s Cyber Division. For over ten years, Mr. Painter has been a leader in international cyber issues. He has represented the United States in numerous international fora, including Chairing the cutting edge G8 High Tech Crime Subgroup since 2002. He is a graduate of Stanford Law School and Cornell University.

John Palfrey is Henry N. Ess Professor of Law and Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources at Harvard Law School and a faculty director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. He is the co-author of “Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives” (Basic Books, 2008), “Access Denied: The Practice and Politics of Internet Filtering” (MIT Press, 2008), and “Access Contested: The Shaping of Power, Rights, and Rule in Cyberspace” (MIT Press, 2010), among others. His research and teaching is focused on Internet law, intellectual property, and international law. He practiced intellectual property and corporate law at the law firm of Ropes & Gray. He is a faculty co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and was formerly its executive director. Outside of Harvard Law School, he is a Venture Executive at Highland Capital Partners and serves on the board of several technology companies and non-profits. John served as a special assistant at the US EPA during the Clinton Administration. He writes a blog at http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/palfrey/. He is a graduate of Harvard College, the University of Cambridge, and Harvard Law School.

Randal Picker is the Paul H. and Theo Leffmann Professor of Commercial Law and Senior Fellow at the Computation Institute of the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory. Picker’s primary areas of interest are the laws relating to intellectual property, competition policy and regulated industries, and applications of game theory and agent-based computer simulations to the law. He is the co-author of Game Theory and the Law. He currently teaches classes in antitrust; network industries; and secured transactions. He served as Associate Dean from 1994 1996. Picker is a member of the National Bankruptcy Conference and served as project reporter for the Conference’s Bankruptcy Code Review Project. He is also a commissioner to the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and serves as a member of the drafting committee to revise Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. Picker clerked for Judge Richard A. Posner of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and spent three years with Sidley & Austin in Chicago, where he worked in the areas of debt restructuring and corporate reorganizations in bankruptcy. Picker graduated from the College of the University of Chicago cum laude with a BA in economics. He also received a master’s degree in economics from the University and attended the Law School, graduating cum laude.

Peter Pitts is Senior Partner/Director of Global Regulatory Policy & Health Initiatives at Porter Novelli and President of the Center for Medicine in the Public Interest. Pitts was previously FDA’s Associate Commissioner for External Relations, serving as senior communications and policy adviser to the Commissioner. He supervised FDA’s Office of Public Affairs, Office of the Ombudsman, Office of Special Health Issues, Office of Executive Secretariat, and Advisory Committee Oversight and Management. He remains a Special Government Employee consultant to the FDA’s Risk Communications Advisory Committee. He was an advisor to the Obama Administration’s FDA transition team and is an associate editor of the Drug Information Journal. He has served as an adjunct professor at Indiana University’s School of Public and Environmental Affairs and Butler University, and is a graduate of McGill University.

Michael K. Powell is President and CEO of the National Cable & Telecommunications Association (NCTA). Prior to joining NCTA, he served for two years as the co-chairman of Broadband for America. Powell served as Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from 2001 to 2005 and a member of the FCC for eight years. During Powell’s tenure at the FCC, the Commission oversaw tremendous change and marketplace growth in the telecommunications sector. Powell worked to bring FCC regulations into the 21st Century and to recognize the move of voice, video, and data technologies away from limited analog platforms to powerful digital applications that bring more value to the public. Prior to his tenure at the FCC, Powell served as the Chief of Staff of the Antitrust Division in the Department of Justice. He also served as an associate in the Washington, D.C., office of the law firm of O’Melveny & Myers LLP and clerked for the Honorable Harry T. Edwards, Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Before his legal career, Powell served as a policy advisor to the Secretary of Defense. His experience also includes military service as an armored cavalry officer in the United States Army. Powell graduated from the College of William and Mary with a degree in Government and earned his J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center.

J. Thomas Rosch is a Commissioner of the Federal Trade Commission. Rosch joined the FTC from the San Francisco office of Latham & Watkins, where he was the former managing partner and most recently a partner, working in the firm’s antitrust and trade practices group. Rosch served as chair of the American Bar Association’s Antitrust Section and has chaired the California Bar Association’s Antitrust Section. He served as the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection Director and was a member of the Special Committee to Study the Role of the FTC. Nationally regarded for his antitrust and trade regulation law expertise, and as a Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers for more than 20 years, he has been lead counsel in more than 100 federal and state court antitrust cases and has more than 40 years experience before the Bar. In 2003, Rosch was honored as Antitrust Lawyer of the Year by the California State Bar Antitrust Section. He obtained his LLB from Harvard University in 1965 and was a Knox Fellow at Cambridge in 1962.

Gregory L. Rosston is Deputy Director of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research and Deputy Director of the Public Policy program at Stanford University. He is also a Lecturer in Economics and Public Policy at Stanford University where he teaches courses on competition policy and strategy, intellectual property, and writing and rhetoric. He currently serves as the co-chair of the Department of Commerce Spectrum Management Advisory Committee. Dr. Rosston served as Deputy Chief Economist at the Federal Communications Commission working on the implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and he helped to design and implement the first ever spectrum auctions in the United States. He co-chaired the Economy, Globalization and Trade committee for the Obama campaign and was a member of the Obama transition team focusing on economic agency review and energy policy. He has served as a consultant to various organizations including the World Bank and the Federal Communications Commission, and as a board member and advisor to high technology, financial, and startup companies in the areas of auctions, business strategy, antitrust and regulation. Dr. Rosston received his Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University specializing in the fields of Industrial Organization and Public Finance and his A.B. with Honors in Economics from University of California at Berkeley.

Paul Rubin is senior fellow at the Technology Policy Institute. Dr. Rubin has written or edited seven books, and published over one hundred articles and chapters on economics, law, and regulation in journals including the American Economic Review, the Journal of Political Economy, the Quarterly Journal of Economics, the Journal of Legal Studies, the Journal of Law and Economics, and the Yale Journal on Regulation. He has contributed to the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times and other newspapers and magazines. Dr. Rubin is also Dobbs Professor of Economics and Law at Emory University in Atlanta and editor in chief of Managerial and Decision Economics. He previously served as senior staff economist at President Reagan’s Council of Economic Advisers, chief economist at the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, director of advertising economics at the Federal Trade Commission, and vice-president of Glassman-Oliver Economic Consultants, Inc., a litigation consulting firm in Washington. He has taught economics at the University of Georgia, City University of New York, VPI, and George Washington University Law School. Dr. Rubin is a graduate of the University of Cincinnati and holds a PhD from Purdue University.

John Ryan is the Chief Legal Officer for Level 3 Communications. He is responsible for Level 3’s legal and regulatory functions worldwide. Mr. Ryan has worked in roles supporting Level 3’s customer contracting and vendor contracting since 1999 and led Level 3’s public policy group from 2005 until September 2010. Prior to his tenure at Level 3, Mr. Ryan was an associate and partner at Fraser Stryker Law Firm, Omaha, Nebraska, where his practice focused on the communications industry.

Marius Schwartz is Chief Economist at the Federal Communications commission. He is Professor of Economics at Georgetown University, where he has taught since 1983. His research specialties are in industrial organization, competition and regulation. Schwartz served at the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) as the Economics Director of Enforcement and, for six months, also as the Acting Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics (chief economist). He also served at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers as the Senior Economist for industrial organization matters. Professor Schwartz holds a B.Sc. degree from the London School of Economics and a Ph.D. from UCLA, also in economics.

Howard Shelanski is a Professor of Law at Georgetown University. Professor Shelanski’s teaching and research focus on antitrust, regulation, and telecommunications policy. Shelanski has taken leave from teaching to work in government on several occasions. He had served as Deputy Director of the Bureau of Economics at the Federal Trade Commission, Chief Economist of the Federal Communications Commission, and as a Senior Economist for the President’s Council of Economic Advisers at the White House. Shelanski practiced law with the Washington, D.C. firm of Kellogg Huber Hansen Todd & Evans before joining the Berkeley faculty in 1997, where he remained until coming to Georgetown in 2011. Shelanski clerked for Judge Stephen F. Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, Judge Louis H. Pollak of the U.S. District Court in Philadelphia, and Justice Antonin Scalia of the United States Supreme Court. In 2004, he received Berkeley Law’s Rutter Award for Teaching Distinction. Shelanski received his J.D. and Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley.

Peter Thiel is a technology entrepreneur, investor, and philanthropist who first gained attention for innovations in banking and startup finance. Today, he works to accelerate innovation by identifying and funding promising technology ideas and by guiding successful companies to scale and masterfully influence their industries. Thiel was a co-founder of PayPal, which now has more than 94 million active financial accounts and serves as a platform on which developers invent customized payment solutions for consumers and businesses. Thiel is also widely known as the first outside investor in Facebook and currently serves on its board. He is a founder of Clarium, a global macro fund manager, and was co-founder of Palantir Technologies. As a founder and partner in the Founders Fund, as well as through private investment, Thiel invests in the next generation of tech companies, such as SpaceX, LinkedIn, Causes, Quantcast, and RoboteX. In addition to his work in technology sector, Thiel established and funds the Thiel Foundation.

Shane Tews is the Vice President for Global Public Policy and Government Relations for VeriSign, Inc. VeriSign operates intelligent infrastructure that enables and protects billions of interactions every day across the world’s Internet Infrastructure. VeriSign operates the constellation of servers that run the .com and .net domain name systems. Shane represents VeriSign on e-Commerce, Internet Governance, Security and Communications issues both domestically and internationally. She works closely with the Administration, Congress, State & Local Government Officials and International policy makers who work on International communications and technology. She is Vice-Chair of the board of the Internet Caucus Advisory Council, and sits on the boards of the Information Technology Industry Council, The Information Technology Industry Foundation, the Internet Alliance, and The United States Telecommunications Training Institute. Prior to being at VeriSign Shane represented the Distilled Spirits industry at the Distilled Industry Council as their lead Federal lobbyist for four years working on tax, advertising, and regulation issues. Shane has also worked for an economic think tank, Citizens for a Sound Economy working on tax, federal budget, telecommunications, appropriations, electricity deregulation, regulatory reform, labor, health care, FDA reform and legal reform. Shane worked in Congress from 1992 to 1995 as Legislative Director to Congressman Gary Franks from Connecticut on Energy and Commerce issues. Shane graduated from American University in 1988. She is originally from Lincoln, Nebraska.

Senator Mark Udall has represented Colorado in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives since 1999. Udall’s assignments on the Armed Services, Energy and Natural Resources, Intelligence and Aging committees give him a platform to address issues important to Colorado, and he is known for reaching across party lines to solve problems. His work spans issues from creating wilderness areas in our national parks and reducing the risk of wildfire, to promoting Colorado’s aerospace, high-tech, and renewable energy industries and encouraging policies to stimulate innovation and help the private sector create jobs. Udall was born in Tucson, Arizona, but has spent his entire adult life in Colorado, cementing his connection to our Western lands. An avid mountaineer, he moved to Colorado’s Western Slope to work for Outward Bound after graduating from Williams College in 1972. As Outward Bound’s executive director from 1985 to 1995, Udall gained firsthand experience running a business, which informs his work to advocate for business-friendly policies. He now lives in Eldorado Springs. He and his wife Maggie Fox have two children.

Iñaki Urdangarín is President of the Commission for Public Affairs for the Board of Telefónica Latin America. He has been assigned to Washington D.C. to reinforce the institutional presence of Telefónica in North, Central and South America and to contribute towards facilitating the dialogue between the company and interest groups among regulators, industry and society, within the axis of the United States, Europe and Latin America. He has previously managed numerous projects connected to corporate social responsibility both in Europe and Latin America. Sustainable development and social integration have been areas of priority in which Mr. Urdangarín has developed his professional activity for Telefónica. Iñaki Urdangarín is a graduate in Business Administration from ESADE, where he also gave classes in Business Policy, and has a Masters degree and diploma in Business Science from Barcelona University. He has done investigation into, and published on, sponsorship, corporate social responsibility and regional economic development. He was an élite sportsman, winning two Olympic medals in handball in 1996 and 2000 and amassing numerous sporting distinctions, as well as earning the affection of the sporting public from all over Europe.

Hal R. Varian is the Chief Economist at Google. Since 2002 he has been involved in many aspects of the company, including auction design, econometric analysis, finance, corporate strategy and public policy. He also holds academic appointments at the University of California, Berkeley in three departments: business, economics, and information management. Varian is a fellow of the Guggenheim Foundation, the Econometric Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was Co-Editor of the American Economic Review from 1987-1990 and holds honorary doctorates from the University of Oulu, Finland and the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. He has published numerous papers in economic theory, industrial organization, financial economics, econometrics and information economics. He is the author of two major economics textbooks which have been translated into 22 languages. He is the co-author of a bestselling book on business strategy, Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy and wrote a monthly column for the New York Times from 2000 to 2007. Varian has also taught at MIT, Stanford, Oxford, Michigan and other universities around the world. He received his SB degree from MIT and his MA in Mathematics and Ph.D. in Economics from UC Berkeley.

Joe Waz is the President of Altura, LLC, a communications and Internet industry consultancy on strategy and policy, based in Philadelphia, PA and Los Angeles, CA. He is also a senior fellow at the Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology & Entrepreneurship at the University of Colorado School of Law, and chairman of the Broadband Internet Technology Advisory Group. Prior to his retirement in 2011, Joe served as senior vice president, external affairs and public policy counsel for Comcast Corporation, based at the company’s headquarters in Philadelphia. He had primary responsibility for Comcast’s public policy positions and advocacy strategies, served as founding president of the Comcast Foundation, and was executive director of Comcast’s Political Action Committees. He has served on numerous not-for-profit boards, including as chairman of Settlement Music School, the nation’s oldest and largest community school of the arts; president of the Federal Communications Bar Foundation; president of the Prince Music Theatre; and vice chair of the National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship. He has also served on the boards of TPRC, the Internet Education Foundation, the Family Online Safety Institute, and the board of advisers of the Minority Media & Telecommunications Council, among others, and chaired several cable industry committees. His recognitions include the cable industry’s highest honor, the Vanguard Award, for his work in government and community relations, and the Donald M. McGannon Award from the Office of Communication of the United Church of Christ.

Dean Phil Weiser is the Dean of the Law School, Thompson Professor of Law, and Executive Director and Founder of the Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship at the University of Colorado. Dean Weiser re-joined the Colorado faculty in June, 2011. From April 2010-June 2011, he served as the Senior Advisor for Technology and Innovation to the National Economic Council Director at the White House. From July 2009-April 2010, he served as the Deputy Assistant Attorney General at the United States Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division. Since first joining the CU faculty in 1999, Dean Weiser has worked to establish a national center of excellence in telecommunications and technology law, founding the Journal on Telecommunications & High Technology Law and the Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship as well as writing and teaching in the areas of competition policy, innovation policy, and Internet policy. Over the last ten years, Weiser has co-authored three books, written numerous articles, and testified before both houses of Congress. He also remained engaged in public service, arguing a number of pro bono cases before the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, co-chairing the Colorado Innovation Council, and serving as the lead agency reviewer for the Federal Trade Commission as part of the 2008 Presidential Transition. Prior to joining the Colorado Law faculty, Dean Weiser served as senior counsel to the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Antitrust Division at the United States Department of Justice, advising him primarily on telecommunications matters. Before his appointment at the Justice Department, Weiser served as a law clerk to Justices Byron R. White and Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the United States Supreme Court and to Judge David Ebel at the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals. Weiser graduated with high honors from both the New York University School of Law and Swarthmore College.

Daniel Weitzner is the Deputy Chief Technology Officer for Internet Policy in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. His areas of responsibility include online privacy, cybersecurity, Internet copyright protection, and the global free flow of information on the Internet. Prior to joining the White House, he was Associate Administrator for Policy at the United States Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). Before that, he served as a member of the Obama-Biden Presidential Transition project technology policy team. Weitzner founded the MIT CSAIL Decentralized Information Group, whose mission is to research social and technical aspects of the World Wide Web, taught Internet public policy in MIT’s Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, and was Policy Director of the World Wide Web Consortium. While at MIT, he launched the Web Science Research Initiative with Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, Nigel Shadbolt and James Hendler. Weitzner was co-founder and Deputy Director of the Center for Democracy and Technology, and Deputy Policy Director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Weitzner has law degree from Buffalo Law School, and a B.A. in Philosophy from Swarthmore College.

Joshua Wright is a Professor of Law at George Mason University School of Law and holds a courtesy appointment in the Department of Economics. Professor Wright was a Visiting Professor at the University of Texas School of Law and was a Visiting Fellow at the Searle Center at the Northwestern University School of Law during the 2008-09 academic year. Professor Wright also regularly lectures on economics, empirical methods, and antitrust economics to state and federal judges through the George Mason University Law and Economics Center Judicial Education Program. Professor Wright received both a J.D. and a Ph.D. in economics from UCLA, where he was managing editor of the UCLA Law Review, and a B.A. in economics with highest departmental honors at the University of California, San Diego. Before coming to George Mason University School of Law, Professor Wright clerked for the Honorable James V. Selna of the Central District of California and taught at the Pepperdine University Graduate School of Public Policy. Professor Wright’s areas of expertise include antitrust law and economics, consumer protection, empirical law and economics, intellectual property and the law and economics of contracts. Professor Wright has also testified at the joint Department of Justice/ Federal Trade Commission Hearings on Section 2 of the Sherman Act, the Federal Trade Commission’s FTC at 100 Conference, and the DOJ/ FTC Hearings on the 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines. He is a co-founder of the Microsoft / George Mason Annual Conference on the Law and Economics of Innovation, the Director of Research at the International Center for Law and Economics, a member of the National Science Foundation Advisory Panel for Law and Social Sciences, a Senior Fellow at the George Mason Information Economy Project, and a regular contributor to Truth on the Market, a weblog dedicated to academic commentary on law, business, and economics.

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